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THE EFFECTS OF RECIPROCAL TEACHING ON ENGLISH READING - page 88 / 233

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Data and Variables

The data of this study were formed of the scores obtained from the reading pretest

and posttest, the metacognitive reading strategies, the transcriptions of the dialogues, the

retrospective interviews, and the written think-aloud notes. These data were of two kinds:

numerical and descriptive. The independent variable of this study was reciprocal

teaching, and the dependent variables were formed of the students’ reading ability and the

metacognitive reading strategies. The following are the conceptual framework of this

study and the summary of the elements of reciprocal teaching and of skill-based teaching

as used in this study.

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