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THE EFFECTS OF RECIPROCAL TEACHING ON ENGLISH READING - page 97 / 233

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Table 7 Mean, Standard Deviation, and Level of Use of Metacognitive Strategies

Employed before and after the Instruction of Reciprocal Teaching:

Prediction

3.37

.70

M

4.02

.57

H

-7.197

Background Activation

3.37

.97

M

4.20

.75

H

-4.209

Verification Prediction

3.37

1.0

M

4.07

.78

H

-4.826

Self-management

3.00

.91

M

3.57

.73

H

-3.616

Goal Setting

3.40

.79

M

3.97

.70

H

-7.223

Note Taking

3.10

1.1

M

3.97

.69

H

-4.878

Inferences

3.70

1.0

H

4.00

.74

H

-3.525

Selective Attention

3.40

.56

M

3.80

.50

H

-5.425

Summarization

3.30

.69

M

3.90

.57

H

-6.238

Self-evaluation

3.90

.76

H

4.40

.67

H

-5.298

**p <0 .01 *p <0 .05

Table 4.5 shows the mean scores, mean differences, and level of the use of the

metacognitive strategies before and after they were taught through reciprocal teaching.

Before training, the participants made good use of Inferences and Self-evaluation,

with mean scores of 3.7 and 3.9 respectively. The rest of the strategies (Self-management,

Note Taking, Prediction, Background Activation, Verification of Prediction,

Summarization, Goal Setting, and Selective Attention) were used at a medium level, their

mean scores reanging between 3.0 and 3.4.

The metacognitive strategy most used by the students after reciprocal training was

Self-evaluation. Significance differences at the 0.05 level and the 0.01 level were found

t

Metacognitive

Strategies

Experimental Group (N = 30)

Before training

After training

Mean

SD

Level

Mean

SD

Level

with Inferences, Self-management, Note Taking, Prediction, Background Activation,

Verification of Prediction, Summarization, Goal Setting, and Selective Attention. Though

the sub-metacognitive strategy item 12 ( I selected relevant information to help me

understand the texts) (see Table 4.4, page 80) shows no significant differences, the overall

P

.000** .000** .000** .001** .000** .000** .048* .001* .000** .000**

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