Pham Ngoc Sang Training in Morocco ‐ 1953
South Vietnamese pilots and other officers sometimes received advanced training at overseas bases and schools.
Occasionally, one finds an early cover addressed to or from an individual who made a significant impact on the war effort over their military career.
This letter is addressed to Pham Ngoc Sang who at one point was President Diem’s personal pilot and later commanded the 6th Air Division of the VNAF.
In the spring of 1975, Phan Rang air base became the front lines for South Vietnam. Pham Ngoc Sang managed (with the help of an Airborne Brigade) to hold Phan Rang until April 16, 1975, when the town and the air field were overrun by the North Vietnamese Army. Pham was captured, flown to Da Nang, and then flown to Son Tay, North Vietnam, where he was interrogated. He was held in ‘re‐education’ camps until he was finally released in 1992.