In “Men Who Rape,” Nicholas Groth concludes that rape is not an expression of sexual desire as much as it is an expression of other, nonsexual needs. Groth claims that rape is more than the result of sexual arousal that has no other opportunity for gratification.1
Knight and Prentky classify rapists according to four primary motivations: opportunistic, pervasively angry, sexually motivated, or vindictive.2
In cases of rape by adult males, the offenders typically gain control through three major methods: entrapment, intimidation, and/or physical force.3
OFFENDERS WHO SEXUALLY ASSAULT ADULTS
According to Bureau of Justice Statistics: 4
10.9% of sexual offenders are 18 years of age or younger;
8% are 18-20;
31.2% are 21-29;
40% are 30 or older.
The majority of adult sex offenders are in their teens, 20’s or early 30’s. They usually have a varied criminal background including such crimes as breaking and entering, theft, and physical assault and they usually began their career at an early age.5
The offenders who sexually assault significantly older victims are predominantly young, white single males.6
1 Groth, A. Nicholas. 1990. Men Who Rape. Plenum Press, p. 5
2 Knight, R.A., and R.A. Prentky. 1990. Classifying Sexual Offenders: The Development and Collaboration of Taxonomic Models. In Handbook of Sexual Assault: Issues, Theories and Treatment of the offenders. W.L. Marshall, D.R. Laws, and H.E. Barbaree, eds. New York: Plenum Press, p. 23-52.
3 Groth, 1990.
4 Bureau of Justice Statistics. U.S. Department of Justice.
5 Barbaree, Howard E., William L. Marshall, and Stephen M. Hudson. 1993. Sexual Assault in Society: The Role of the Juvenile Offender. In The Juvenile Sexual Offender. The Guilford Press, p. 4.
6 Groth, 1990.
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