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identified with the boys.30

Diana Russell’s study of the incestuous abuse of girls revealed: 31

Just under 26% (more than 1 out of 4) of the incest perpetrators were under 18;

The average age of the incest perpetrator was 34; only 20% were over 46;

The second largest age group was 36-45 years old;

32% of the perpetrators had upper-class occupations;

34% had middle-class occupations;

67% were white;

Physical force was used in 30% of the cases;

Incest is more likely to occur over a longer period of time if it is cross-generational;

In 31% of the cases, the victim said the perpetrator had sexually abused another relative; in 54% of the cases, the victim reported there was no other abuse going on and in 15% of the cases, the victim did not know about any other abuse;

The average age of the incest perpetrator was 34 years old.

The perpetrator’s primary strategy involved:

1.force or threat of force – 27%;

2.surprise – 17%;

3.

taking advantage through drugs/alcohol – 9%;

4.

deception – 3%;

5.

threat without force – 2%;

6.

bribery – 1%;

7.

manipulation – 1%;

8.

other – 40%.

OFFENDER’S RELATIONSHIP TO VICTIM

A probability sample conducted by Diana Russell revealed that uncles represented 25% (48) of incest perpetrators and fathers/step-fathers/adopted fathers represented 24% (47).  Thirty-eight percent of these incest perpetrators were members of the nuclear family.32

81% of incarcerated incest offenders in one prison had sexually abused children between the ages of 9 and18, 90% of the victims were girls:  38% were daughters and 30% were stepdaughters.  Of the boy victims, 10% were stepsons and 4% were sons.33

RECIDIVISM

30 Groth, A. Nicholas. 1990. Men Who Rape. Plenum Press.

31 Russell, Diana E.H. 1986. The Secret Trauma. Basic Books, Inc.

32 Ibid.

33 Owen, Greg, and Nancy M. Steele. 1991. Incest Offenders After Treatment. In Family Sexual Abuse Michael Quinn Patton, ed. Sage Publications.

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