EAST OCEAN VIEW REDEVELOPMENT Norfolk, Virginia
The Norfolk City Council designated this 90-acre site a redevelopment area in October 1993, and demolition commenced soon thereafter. The existing housing was built by the federal government in 1960 and was in deplorable condition. The City decided to demolish the existing housing, and the project received some criticism as a result. However, the City worked closely with exist- ing residents relocating them so the tax base of land-locked Norfolk could be expanded by providing housing to middle-income residents whoa, at present, leave the city to find housing. The improved tax-base would enable the city to pursue their goal of assisting those with lower incomes to find respectable housing. Duany Plater-Zyberk & Company was hired by the Norfolk Redevel- opment and Housing Authority (NRHA) in September 1994 following a public
request for proposals.
The site itself is surrounded by water on three sides: the Chesapeake Bay on one side and Little Creek on two sides. DPZ conducted a public design char- rette near the site in December, 1994 during which two plans were produced: one plan calls for a slightly irregular street pattern that preserves natural fea- tures such as large dunes and trees, and blocks high winds from the adjacent Chesapeake Bay; a second, more orthogonal plan saves fewer existing trees but results in a larger number of standard size lots. In both new Master Plans, the street grid shifts exactly one half block off the existing grid. In the new plans, the existing streets become the new alleys, and the private backyards with their mature trees combine to form public greens along new streets.
The Master Plan calls for between 400 and 600 homes, with prices rang- ing from $70,000 for a condominium to $450,000 for a large single-family home. About 20% of the housing will be rental apartments. The Neighbor- hood Square along shore drive will include regional and local retail and office space, a post office, and a child care facility. A clubhouse will be built for West Beach residents in the center of the neighborhood. Sites have been included for additional civic structures which might include a church and a neighbor- hood meeting hall.
MICHAEL GRAVES & ASSOCIATES with DUANY PLATER-ZYBERK AND COMPANY