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Finally, it is important to consider whether political leadership has provided the will to reform the governance of Hong Kong. As the last Governor, Chris Patten appeared to emulate his former leader, Margaret Thatcher, by establishing administrative reform on the policy agenda. Prior to Patten, Hong Kong had been governed by a series of career bureaucrats who by and large shared the same culture and values of bureaucratic governance. Unlike his predecessors, Patten was a career politician who made an impression on the style of administration during his term in office. Patten’s impact

remains

signi icant,

although

opinion

is

divided

over

whether

his

push

for

democratisation went succeeded Patten, the style, the consumerist abandoned in favour

far enough. present Chief

A business person (a former shipping magnate) Executive, Tung Chee-hwa. In terms of leadership

sensitivity following the establishment of of less openness, and authority is now

the SAR has delegated with

been great

reluctance. restoration

Ironically, Tung’s style of of colonial practices’ (Vines

(1998a) note that the civil service implement policy decisions rather than govern.

is an

government is regarded as ‘conducive to the 1997). Moreover, the HKDF Policy Committee now regarded as a ‘bureaucracy’ only fit to ‘administration’ with an authority and a right to

3. THE IMPACT OF GLOBALISATION ON HONG KONG

In the East

Asian context,

allowed the

emergence of

Hong Kong is exceptional. Its lack a developmental state, for example.

of independence has not Therefore, Hong Kong’s

bureaucratic polity poses some globalisation on the SAR. The guaranteed under the Basic Law

empirical problems when assessing the impact of preservation of Hong Kong’s system of governance means that the system was remarkably well insulated

from external

pressures

the transition

to SAR

and influences.

status

was

a

In

key

particular, ensuring stability and continuity in factor in understanding Hong Kong’s recent

history. Economic shape governance in the colonial legacy situation.

globalisation cannot be analysed in isolation from other factors that Hong Kong. Therefore, in this section of the paper, factors such as and reunification of China serve to underpin Hong Kong’s unique

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