lacked the requisite qualities to reach the higher echelons of the bureaucracy.7
It was not until this was enshrined
the Joint Declaration of
that localization began in earnest, Law requires that holders of top
government positions foreign abode. This population has made
in the SAR be Hong Kong ethnic Chinese without the right of condition is generally a re lection of the signi icant gains the local in terms of skills and professionalism that began to challenge the
expatriate elite well before 1997. Localization of an increasingly strong Hong Kong identity.
may be regarded Moreover, Hong
as a natural consequence Kong people have gained
to be dominated by an expatriate elite.
(1998a) regards experience’.8
Policy Committee of the HKDF Service of much of its talent and
To what extent is governance shaped by the Confucianist philosophy in Hong Kong? According to Clark and Chan (1995: 122) ‘the absence of state controls allowed commercial enterpreneurship and a skilled labor force to produce a highly dynamic economy, thus demonstrating the often hypothesized linkage between Confucian culture and an aptitude for small-scale business’. Indeed it may be argued that the Confucian patriarchal culture moulds the ‘strong society’ in Hong Kong and this culture is reflected in the bureaucracy. Chinese values are further reinforced by the emphasis on line rather
than staff positions in on ‘power distance’ centralised.9
resource management. that organisations in
Furthermore, Hong Kong
the cultural emphasis tended to be highly
Reunification with China
Possibly a greater influence than that of globalisation on local politics in Hong Kong was reuni ication with China, which is a unique factor in explaining administrative reform in Hong Kong. Hong Kong is the outcome of an unusual process of decolonization. Instead of the process being a preparation for independence, China replaced Britain as Hong
See the excellent discussion in Chan (1997: 571). For a full discussion of localization in the Hong Kong civil service, see Huque et al (1998), chapter 4.