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Globalisation is increasingly cited as a crucial impetus for changing the pattern of

governance within individual polities.

Broadly

governments

are

less

able

to

seek

recourse

to

speaking, in a globalised environment national macro-economic policies in an

effort to mask structural weaknesses, so globalisation puts pressure on governments

confront obstacles to reforming governance. Here,

limited to challenged

economic globalisation, by Hirst and Thompson

or the

‘strong

(1996:

3). In

the discussion of ‘globalisation’ version’ of globalisation that this version, the consequence of

to is is a

globalised economy is to subsume national ‘domains’ of demands of the global economy include the need to compete

culture and politics. in international markets

The and

an obligation to interdependencies,

control public governance is

spending. Moreover, due now understood within

to the

increased

global

context

of an

‘interconnected’ world. These interdependencies include ‘geographic connections’ (crossing jurisdictional boundaries), ‘functional interdependence’ (blurring traditional boundaries between government functions) and ‘temporal interconnectedness' (linking the past, present and future) (Luke 1992: 17-18). Governance is thus characterised by

‘constant change’ turbulence.

leading

to

political

and

administrative

uncertainty,

complexity

or

even

One view is that the forces of globalisation compel economic and business

integration to the extent that it has world will be more homogenous.1

become conventional wisdom DiMaggio and Powell (1991)

terms of economic

institutional isomorphism, which challenge posed by globalisation.

might occur due to Cerny (1997) claims

that a more integrated expound this thesis in the pressures of the that the net result of

globalisation is the appearance of controls to cope with an uncertain

the ‘Competition State’, which brandishes a range of environment, including the ‘New Public Management’

as a new form of governance (Cerny 1997, Asia might exhibit signs of convergence associated with NPM. Rockman (1998: 29) globalization is to produce a more limited

Rhodes 1997). Therefore, governance in East with the organisational forms and practices also argues that ‘the overall consequence of state with a lighter hand on the economy’.

Such

a claim

cope

with the

fiscal

controls

should be treated with caution in the economic uncertainty of globalisation, and curb foreign exchange (as in the

East Asian context. For instance, to some countries may resort to tighter case of Malaysia in 1998 during the

5

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