Globalisation is increasingly cited as a crucial impetus for changing the pattern of
governance within individual polities.
speaking, in a globalised environment national macro-economic policies in an
effort to mask structural weaknesses, so globalisation puts pressure on governments
confront obstacles to reforming governance. Here,
limited to challenged
economic globalisation, by Hirst and Thompson
the discussion of ‘globalisation’ version’ of globalisation that this version, the consequence of
to is is a
globalised economy is to subsume national ‘domains’ of demands of the global economy include the need to compete
culture and politics. in international markets
an obligation to interdependencies,
control public governance is
spending. Moreover, due now understood within
‘interconnected’ world. These interdependencies include ‘geographic connections’ (crossing jurisdictional boundaries), ‘functional interdependence’ (blurring traditional boundaries between government functions) and ‘temporal interconnectedness' (linking the past, present and future) (Luke 1992: 17-18). Governance is thus characterised by
‘constant change’ turbulence.
One view is that the forces of globalisation compel economic and business
integration to the extent that it has world will be more homogenous.1
become conventional wisdom DiMaggio and Powell (1991)
terms of economic
institutional isomorphism, which challenge posed by globalisation.
might occur due to Cerny (1997) claims
that a more integrated expound this thesis in the pressures of the that the net result of
globalisation is the appearance of controls to cope with an uncertain
the ‘Competition State’, which brandishes a range of environment, including the ‘New Public Management’
as a new form of governance (Cerny 1997, Asia might exhibit signs of convergence associated with NPM. Rockman (1998: 29) globalization is to produce a more limited
Rhodes 1997). Therefore, governance in East with the organisational forms and practices also argues that ‘the overall consequence of state with a lighter hand on the economy’.
should be treated with caution in the economic uncertainty of globalisation, and curb foreign exchange (as in the
East Asian context. For instance, to some countries may resort to tighter case of Malaysia in 1998 during the