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PERIOD

Q

16th Century

D

17th Century

(Check One or More as Appropriate)

G

Pre-Columbian!

Q

15th Century

18th Century 19th Century

20th Century

SPECIFIC DATE(S) (If Applicable and Known)

1864-1922

AREAS

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FICANCE

(Check

One

or

More

as

Appropriate)

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iginal Prehistoric

n Historic

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Agriculture Architecture Art Commerce Communicatio

Conservation

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r~l

Education

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Engineering

[~1

Industry

[~1

Invention

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Landscape

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[JJ

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Military

n Music

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Architecture Literature

Political Religion/Phi-

losophy Science Sculpture Social/Human

itarian Theater Transportation

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Urban Planning

£~1

Other (Specify)

Afro-Ampn'ran History_____

STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE

Colonel Charles Young (1864-1922), the third black to graduate from the

United States Military Academy at West Point, was the highest ranking black officer in World War I. He was also the only black to graduate from the

A c a d e m y b e t w e e n 1 8 7 7 , w h e n t h e f i r s t t w o b l a c k c a d e t s , H e n r y 0 . F l i p p e r and J o h n A l e x a n d e r , w e r e c o m m i s s i o n e d , a n d 1 9 3 6 , w h e n n o w r e t i r e d A i r L i e u t e n a n t G e n e r a l B e n j a m i n 0 . D a v i s , J r . r e c e i v e d h i s g o l d b a r s . Force U p o n g r a d u a t i o n f r o m W e s t P o i n t , Y o u n g s t a r t e d h i s c a r e e r i n t h e 1 0 t h C a v a l r y , w a s b r e i f l y s e c o n d e d t o t h e 2 5 t h I n f a n t r y , a n d o n 3 1 O c t o b e r 1 8 8 9 w a s p e r m a n e n t l y r e a s s i g n e d t o t h e 9 t h C a v a l r y .

In 1894 Young became the second black to receive a federal appointment to a military department when he was assigned to Professor of Science and Military Tactics at Wilberforce University in Ohio. While at Wilberforce, Young taught French and Mathematcis in addition to his military courses and coached the drama and glee clubs. He served with marked success until the outbreak of the Spanish-American War in 1898. At that time, although he had requested that he be given permission to join his regiment, he was given the command of the 9th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Colored) for a brief period. His troops did not serve in Cuba as he wished them too, despite the fact that he drilled them to peak efficiency and bore down on physical training, fitness and discipline.

Several regular enlisted men from Ohio who served under Young during the Spanish-American War, later became officers and served with distinction in World War I. The 9th Ohio Volunteers' first camp was Camp Alger, Virginia It was here that a group of white soldiers refused to salute Young because of his color. Young took off his coat and made them salute it, showing respect for the rank if not for him.

Y o u n g w a s h o n o r a b l y m u s t e r e d o u t o f t h e V o l u n t e e r S e r v i c e i n J a n u a r y o f 1 8 9 9 a n d r e j o i n e d h i s t r o o p , t h e 9 t h C a v a l r y , a t F o r t D u C h e s n e . F o l l eighteen o w i n g m o n t h s o f d i s t i n g u i s h e d s e r v i c e i n P h i l l i p i n e s , the commanded Y o u n g F r a n c i s c o i n 1 9 0 2 , a p p o i n t e d a c t i n g S u p e r i n t e n and then "I" San Troop at was o f t h e S e q u o i a a n d G e n e r a l G r a n t N a t i o n a l P a r k s , C a l i f o r n i a . ( P a t r o l l i n g a n d a d m i n i s t e r i n g t h e N a t i o n a l P a r k s w a s a n A r m y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y u dent n t i l t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f t h e N a t i o n a l P a r k S e r v i c e i n 1 9 1 6 . ) ing troops in the park reported: A n o f f i c e r i n s p e c t

The drill of Captain Young's "I" Company (9th Cav.) was excellent His troop is without doubt the best instructed of any of the four

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