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Form 10-300o (July 1969)

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATIONAL PARK SERVICE

STATE

OHIO

NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES INVENTORY - NOMINATION FORM

COUNTY

GREENE

FOR NPS USE ONLY

(Continuation Sheet)

ENTRY NUMBER

(Number all entries)

8.

SIGNIFICANCE - Page Two

troops on duty in the parks, and he is entitled to credit for keeping it up to the proper standard of instruction while attend ing to his many duties as Park Superintendent.

The Board of Trade of Visalia, California, was so impressed with Young's per formance that they passed a resolution extending a vote of thanks to him for outstanding service.

Following his service in the West, Young was appointed as the United States

military to be so

attache to appointed.

Haiti by Theodore Roosevelt.

He

was

also

the

first

foreign

He was the first of his race

military

attache

ever

assign

ed by any country to the Republic of Haiti.

American black ministers were no

novelty in Haiti since 1869 when Ebenezer Don black diplomat, appointed by President Grant,

Carlos Bassett, America's first presented his credentials, but

Capitaine Young" in his dashing oon of Creole, won all hearts.

uniforms, with When presented

his knowledge of French, and at the National Palace to

President Nord-Alexis, whose charming manners

the local newspapers described Young as

captivated

all

who

met

him.

During

his

from

1904

to

1907,

Young

was

responsible

for

what

the

American

a "beau noir" service in Haiti Minister William

Powell

described

ever been

charted."

following

works:

as, "the best and Young also found

most time

accurate map [of Haiti] that has to compile, translate and write the

The Handbook of Creole as Spoken in Haiti Creole dictionary),

Island of Haiti by L. Gentil Tippenhauer. and,

.

(An excellent French-English- (A translation from the German)

Military

Morale

of

Nations

and

Races.

(An

original

study).

Young later served as military attache and adviser to the Liberian Frontier Force, and as commander of the 2nd squadron of the 10th Cavalry in Mexico.

Expecting active service with the outbreak of World War I, Colonel Young /vas instead found medically unfit for active service by army doctors and forced

to retire

from

service.

500 miles

from

his home

Rather in Ohio

than accept this verdict, Colonel Young rode to Washington, D.C., to personally appeal for

a

reversal

of

the

Army's

decision.

Less

than

a

week

before

the

armistice,

the

Army

recalled

Young.

He

was

reassigned

to

Liberia.

He

died

in

Nigeria

in

1922

on his way to a reunion with his family in Paris.

Young was buried by the

British, with full military honors, in Ikoyi Cemetery, Lagos. Later, insistence of his widow, his body was returned to the United States. military honors were again rendered when the body was escorted aboard

on the Full the S.S.

Hesseltine for the journey home.

Three buglers of the West African Frontier

Force and a detachment of Nigerian sounded "Last Post" and the colors

soldiers preceded were at half-mast

the coffin. The buglers as the coffin was set

GPO 921-7 24

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