Capacity Building Project for the Associative Movement of Fishermen, financed by
FAO, is intended to increase the incomes of fishermen by raising awareness and creating “cooperative clusters” (ninhos cooperativos) in fishing communities, and introducing new technologies for building better canoes (smoother sailing, improved capacity in terms of catch size and replacement of wood by plywood in their construction).
Under the project, 12 “cooperative clusters”3 were established and 20 PROA canoes were built (of the planned 30).
It should be stressed that this new technology has considerably improved the working and living conditions of artisanal fishermen, which dovetails with the government’s policy as defined in the NPRS for reducing poverty in the most vulnerable population groups.
The advantages of this new technology in relation to traditional canoes is mainly the capacity for smoother sailing, using marine plywood and imported resins instead of local woods, which impact on the fragile ecosystems of the islands.
Project to support grassroots communities in local governance and poverty reduction,
financed by UNDP for 20 communities in the poorest district of the country (Caué). A microfinance statute was drafted under that project to grant microcredits for microprojects submitted by the communities in the areas of agriculture, fisheries, and livestock.
A community store was set up and stocked to sell fishing and other inputs to the people in Malanza, Porto Alegre and neighboring areas. It is important to highlight the role that NGOs played in this project. It helped build their capacity for interventions of this kind and as civil society organizations working towards poverty reduction.
c) Rehabilitation of rural infrastructure
In the area of infrastructure, the government (through the road maintenance fund) in partnership with the European Union (EDF), has been rehabilitating and maintaining some rural roads, with the participation of Road Maintenance Interest Groups (GIME). This activity of maintaining principal and secondary roads has contributed to the creation of a total of some 1400 new jobs in rural and urban areas, thereby increasing the incomes of the most disadvantaged segments of the population.
3 A total of 10 cooperative clusters were established, each one representing a fishing community comprising 4 persons each. These 40 people received artisanal fishing boats.