b) Universal basic education. In this area, activities targeted increasing access and improving the quality of education, hence the government continues to deploy efforts to build/renovate schools and outfit classrooms, train teachers, and distribute textbooks, provide school transportation, and domestic scholarships for the poor, as shown in the list of projects executed in the sector that appears in Annex 2.
c) Technical and vocational training
This program is extremely important in reducing poverty, given the percentage of the young population that are unable to continue their studies after the 9th grade and decide to seek vocational training, or who seek their first job with no professional qualifications. In this context, the NPRS sees one of the objectives of the education sector as being the restructuring of secondary education and vocational training to increase access and improve quality by building and refurbishing schools, institutional development, and teacher training.
In 2006, 74 students were awarded domestic scholarships to the Polytechnic Center in various areas of study: construction/civil engineering, electrical engineering, metalwork, industrial maintenance, auto mechanics. In light of this effort, the government, in partnership with the French Cooperation Ministry, trained 16 students in the following courses: construction/civil engineering – 6 students, 5 male and 1 female; electrical engineering – 6 youths; and industrial maintenance – 4 students, 3 male and 1 female. This training facilitated the entry of these young people into some enterprises, in particular EMAE, ENAPOR, Electro-Frio and others continued their studies in the National High School, while yet others went on to work at the Ministry of Infrastructure.
The government’s actions are aimed at improving health, based on the four planned objectives for poverty reduction, namely:
institutional strengthening, organization and operation of the health sector;
health promotion and protection in combating disease;
improvement in the provision of health care;
improvement in health infrastructure.
To meet these objectives, the PAP planned actions amounting to US$9,433,000 for 2006 but only US$3,494,265.36 was spent, the equivalent of 35 percent of the planned amounts, including support from bilateral and multilateral partners such as the Global Fund, the Republic of Taiwan, Portugal, the U.S.A., the World Health Organization, UNFPA, UNICEF, NGOs, etc.