II. Replies received from Governments Bangladesh
[Original: English] [31 July 2008]
Depleted uranium munitions produce toxic and radioactive dusts which are carcinogenic and lead to other-life threatening conditions in humans, are harmful to animals and have long-term adverse effects on the environment. Bangladesh, therefore, does not support the use of depleted uranium in armaments to achieve short-military advantage.
[Original: Spanish] [31 July 2008]
Depleted uranium is a waste metal obtained from the process of uranium
enrichment. Depleted uranium is used in the following armaments and ammunitions:
30 mm Avenger cannon on the A-10 Thunderbolt II;
30 mm M230 cannon on the Apache Helicopter (used by the United
States of America);
25 mm M242 chain gun on the Bradley and the LAV-AT;
25 mm cannon on the AV-8B Harrier (used by the Marine Corps).
It is also used in armour-piercing munitions, because it bursts into fragments
on impact and more easily penetrates the armour. Armaments containing depleted
uranium are considered conventional weapons rather than nuclear weapons.
The use of these munitions has been criticized by physicians and human rights
organizations owing to the large number of persons, including both civilians and soldiers, who have developed cancer, leukaemia and other diseases after breathing
or ingesting particles of depleted uranium.
carcinogenic diseases after the war in the Balkans, owing to exposure to depleted uranium. They have been asked to participate in detailed studies on the possible
negative impact of such substances on the health of war veterans.
In view of the damage to ecosystems and, even more importantly, to human
beings, caused by wars started because of capitalist interests in controlling the natural resources of various countries, regardless of the damage they may cause to land, air and water ecosystems, the developed countries must demonstrate their
future willingness to comply with international humanitarian law.
It has been
openly acknowledged that
States of America used
banned radioactive materials, such as uranium in the form of the isotope depleted uranium, in the military conflicts that have occurred throughout the world since 1991: in the so-called Gulf War, in Yugoslavia from 1995 to 1998, in the Balkans war, in Afghanistan in 2002 and, most recently, in the invasion of Iraq on 20 March