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From Field to Studio: The art of Paul Kane - page 25 / 36





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PKI Teaching Guide

Page 25 of 36

collection and is considered the most comprehensive in the world. It includes 800,000 objects from indigenous peoples throughout the Western Hemisphere.

The collection was initially stored in Heye's Madison Avenue apartment in New York City, and later, in a rented room. Eventually, the collection was moved to the Heye Foundation's Museum of the American Indian at 155th Street and Broadway. The museum opened to the public in 1922 and closed in 1994, when the Smithsonian opened the George Gustav Heye Center of the National Museum of the American Indian in lower Manhattan. In 1999 the NMAI began to move the collection to the Cultural Resources Centre in Suitland, Maryland.

Heye graduated from Columbia College in 1896 with a degree in electrical engineering. While on an engineering assignment at a railroad construction job in Arizona in 1897, he acquired a Navajo deerskin shirt, marking the beginning of his passion for collecting. Initially, it was a hobby.

Heye acquired single pieces until 1903, when he began collecting material in large quantities. In 1901, he began a career in investment banking that would last until 1909. By then his passion for acquiring Indian cultural materials had become more important to him than banking. Throughout the remainder of his life, his energy and fortune were spent accumulating the largest private collection of Native American objects in the world.

8b. - Video - Stark Museum Collection

This video discusses the large collection of Kane’s oil on paper and water colour sketches which reside at the Stark Museum in Orange Texas. It describes how they found there way to this location in 1957.


  • art collections

  • Canadian cultural identity

  • field sketches

  • patrons.

Learning Objectives:

  • examine the importance of the Stark Collection as integral to an understanding of Paul

Kane’s work

  • understand how historical, social and environmental factors and issues influence visual

arts and artists

  • understand how visual art can transmit or challenge cultural values, ideas and beliefs.

Video Script: Stark Museum Collection (R/T: 2:47)

From Field to Studio: The art of Paul Kane

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