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unveiling of the Pushkin monument brought his reconciliation with Turgenev. Turgenev occasionally visited England, and in 1879 the degree of D.C.L. was conferred upon him by the University of Oxford. He died at Bougival, near Paris, on 4 September 1883. His famous deathbed plea with his old enemy Tolstoy, "My friend, return to literature!" must've had effect on Tolstoy who around that time wrote the short works late in his career such as The Death of Ivan Ilych and The Kreutzer Sonata.

His brain was weighed in 1883 at an incredible 2021 gm (about 4.5 lbs.)

Ivan’s Career:

Turgenev made his name with A Sportsman's Sketches (Записки охотника), also known as Sketches From a Hunter's Album or Notes of a Hunter. Based on the author's own observations while sport hunting birds and hares in his mother's estate of Spasskoye, the work appeared in a collected form in 1852. In 1852, between Turgenev's Sketches and his first important novels, he wrote his now notorious obituary to his idol Gogol in the St. Petersburg Gazette. The key passage reads: "Gogol is dead!...what Russian heart is not shaken by those three words?...He is gone, that man whom we now have the right, the bitter right given to us by death, to call great." The censor of St. Petersburg did not approve of this idolatry and banned its publication, but Turgenev managed to fool the Moscow censor into printing it. These underhanded tactics landed the young writer in prison for a month, and he was forced into exile at his estate for nearly two years.

His next work was A Nest of Nobles (Дворянское гнездо)in 1859, and was followed the next year by On the Eve (Накануне), a tale which contains one of his most beautiful female characters, Helen. On the Eve (of reform), with Turgenev's portrayal of Bulgarian revolutionary Dmitri, would have been very exciting politically to many contemporaneous readers. In 1862 Fathers and Sons (Отцы и дети) was published, an admirably-structured novel in which the author famously described the revolutionary doctrines then beginning to spread in Russia. His lead character Basarov is heralded by many as one of the finest characters of the 19th century novel. 19th century Russian critics did not take to Fathers and Sons. The stinging criticism, especially from younger radicals, disappointed Turgenev and he wrote very little in the years following Fathers and Sons.

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