- The adopts the as having 13 red and white stripes and one star for each state (20 stars) with additional stars to be added whenever a new state is added to the Union.
- is admitted as the 21st .
Turgenev writes “A Month In The Country”
Charles Darwin publishes “The Origin of The Species”
Anton Chekhov is born in Russia
The U.S. is involved in The Civil War
- Tsar Alexander II signs the Emancipation Manifesto freeing Russian slaves from serfdom, although it takes years for many serfs to receive their new freedom
- The first theater is opened, in .
- is opened to traffic after 13 years of construction.
- In , a rumor that the was going to collapse causes a stampede which crushes twelve people.
Other important dates in Russian History: