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DSD Debates: Social Movement Organizations’ Framing Disputes Surrounding the Term ‘Disor... - page 11 / 21

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ambiguous

genitalia”3

(AISSG

2008b).

Thus

for

AISSGUK

terms

that

involve

‘hermaphrodite’ are out-dated and stigmatizing, while the term ‘intersex’ can lead to false

assumptions.

OII also advocates embracing the “real health needs and not all this focus on which gender identity is best” (Hinkle b). On their site it is written that what OII wants to be treated are, “our actual health problems, not gender or other cosmetic changes to make us meet norms for male and female” (OIIa). OII challenges the idea that “intersex variations need to have a medically accurate name at all” (Hinkle c) and suggests that it makes more sense in the medical sphere to stop using an umbrella term and instead discuss specific health needs. ‘Intersex’ is an acceptable term for OII for strategic use by the movement group but not in the medical realm. Diagnoses of the problems surrounding intersex can be seen to revolve heavily around codes which have been produced both by medical practitioners and movement groups themselves. This demonstrates a relationship between how intersex is discussed and conceptualized and the implications for the movement groups to be able to achieve their goals.

Prognostic Frame Disputes

Much explicit conflict between the SMOs is played out in the realm of prognostic framing regarding the ‘DSD’ terminology, as diagnostic differences are amplified when discussions take place about which codes should be used to address the problems that have been diagnosed. ISNA/Accord has heavily advocated the adoption of the DSD terminology, and has been the largest player of the three SMOs in promoting the term. ISNA/Accord’s website includes the excerpts, “DSD accomplishes describing that the child’s development has deviated from the norm without placing a socially stigmatizing label on the child” (ISNA

3

Some forms of AIS do not involve ambiguous genital appearance.

70

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