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Intersex Advocacy in Relation to Medical Discourse Several advocacy groups have arisen to challenge medical approaches to intersex. These primarily began as support groups for individuals diagnosed as having intersex ‘conditions’ and transitioned to focus on political action for changes in medical practice.

Each of the three SMOs involved in this discourse on intersex, but each of them introduced to interpret this engagement

study is pursues with the

attempting to influence the medical

this in different ways. medical discourse is a

A schema distinction

between evolutionary altering how intersex

and revolutionary approaches. is medicalized. This approach

An evolutionary approach involves is characterized by working within

the medical changes for

paradigm and through medical logic and language to bring about individuals with intersex ‘conditions’. A revolutionary approach

eventual involves

opposing the medical discourse on intersex example by challenging the very language

and the logic through which it operates, of ‘intersex condition(s)’. The strategy

for for

engaging with the discourse can be seen in how each of the SMOs produces frames conceptualize problems and solutions and to motivate potential constituents. ISNA/Accord is attempting to decrease the shame surrounding intersex as well

to

as

decreasing “‘normalizing’ surgery on children” (ISNAa). these medical practices by working closely with medical

ISNA/Accord practitioners.

attempts to alter Preves’ study of

ISNA/Accord’s activism has documented collaboration with medical professionals

their shift from (inside), writing

protest activity (outside) to that ISNA/Accord is “now

working on building (Preves 2005; 284).

bridges and on ISNA/Accord is

making changes from within the thus working from the inside to

medical arena” change medical

policy, and

while the

themselves,

the targets

group that would of ISNA/Accord’s

benefit would be intersexualized individuals activities are medical practitioners and to some

degree the parents of children with so-called ‘intersex engages with the discourse surrounding intersex from

conditions’. ISNA/Accord thus an evolutionary perspective of

altering medicalization through AISSGUK aims to encourage

working within the medical realm. more openness, connect people to

support

services,

and

promote

further

research

regarding

surgery

(AISSG

2008a).

This

is

undertaken

through

64

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