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DSD Debates: Social Movement Organizations’ Framing Disputes Surrounding the Term ‘Disor... - page 8 / 21

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‘hermaphrodite,’ such as ‘male pseudo-hermaphrodite’ or ‘female pseudo-hermaphrodite’ were used (Feder & Karkazis 2008). Whereas the ‘hermaphrodite permutations’ were clinical terms used to diagnose individuals, the term ‘intersex’ was used in attempts to change the code into an identity. The term ‘intersex’ was embraced to shift the power of naming from a medical diagnosis thrust onto the individual to the chosen category ‘intersex’, which either functioned as an identity, a term of political cohesion and collective action, or a mixture of these.

Analyses of situated in interpretive

framing in social movement research examine how codes are produced and

the social sphere.

schema

that

signifies

Snow and Benford

and

condenses

the

(1992) ‘world

define a frame as, “an out there’ by selectively

punctuating and encoding objects, situations, events, experiences, action in one’s present or past environment” (Snow & Benford 1992;

and sequences 137). Frames

of are

interpretive in ways to garner bystander

that are, support,

“intended to mobilize potential adherents and constituents, and to demobilize antagonists” (Snow & Benford 1988;

198). Later research by Snow and Benford focuses on producing frames, and they conceptualize the process

the of

act of framing

constructing and as, “an active,

processual phenomenon that implies agency and contention at construction” (Snow & Benford 2000; 614). Framing is the active attempt to reshape a discourse. Whereas knowledge is produced

the level of reality engagement with or through pre-existing

paradigms in a discourse and is generally salient and unquestioned, intentional and active attempt to re-shape a discourse. The production of cultural codes is always in the process of construction,

framing is an

deconstruction,

and reproduction. Frames are antagonists but also between

developed in conflict between movement groups and different SMOs within the same social movement.

their This

study will focus on the latter, the internal framing disputes within

same movement. particular codes.

Framing

disputes

concern

active

debates

over

three SMOs of

the

the production

of

67

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