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42

NAVAL WAR COLLEGE REVIEW

65. Liu Xinhua and Zhang Wenmu, “China’s Oil Security and Its Strategic Options,” Xiandai Guoji Guanxi [Contemporary International Re- lations], no. 12 (December 2002), pp. 35–37, 46, FBIS CPP20030425000288.

66.

[Zhang Wenmu], “

” [Discussing Modern China’s Prob-

lem of Maritime Rights], [Maritime China], no. 5 (2005), p. 50. For a more moderate view concerning the most ef- fective means of promoting Chinese energy se-

curity, see People’s University scholar [Zha Daojiong], “

” [Sino-American Energy Coopera- tion and Its Impact on Cooperation in East

Asia],

[Journal of the Foreign Affairs

College], no. 6 (2005), pp. 34–35.

67. For a Chinese analysis of Soviet successes and failures in carrier design and construction, see [Wang Cunlin], “ ” [The Prosperity and Decline of Aircraft

Carriers in Russia],

[Shanghai Ship-

building], no. 2 (1999), pp. 55–60.

68. “‘

[“Shichang”: China’s Navy’s New Type of Ae-

rial Service Ship],

[Ship Elec-

tronic Engineering] 107, no. 5 (1998), p. 41.

69.

[Cao Jinping], “‘

,

” [“Shichang”: China’s First Na-

tional Defense Mobilization Ship], gation], no. 1 (1998), p. 21.

[Navi-

70. Cao Jinping, “Shichang,” p. 22.

71. For the Argus similarity, “The Rusted ‘Viking

Lives Again: The Strange Tale of a Former So- viet Aircraft Carrier,” Sitrep (Royal Canadian Military Institute) 65, no. 6 (November/ December 2005), p. 15. For the Dalian visit,

[Cao Jinping], “

[Visit and Operate National Defense Mobiliza-

tion Ship],

[PLA Daily], 29 July 2003,

www.pladaily.com.cn/gb/defence/2003/07/29/2 0030729017107_gfgj.html. For trials,

[Naval Department Academic Section], “‘ ” [“Shichang”

Vessel Accomplishes Its First Extended Sea

Trial Mission],

[Education of

Naval Academies] 217, no. 3 (1999), p. 12.

72. “

” [Our Naval Academy Students Ac- complish Practice of All Their Training Sub-

jects on Training Vessels],

[PLA

Daily], as reprinted in

[People’s

Daily], 27 September 2004, available at www.people.com.cn/GB/junshi/1076/ 2810389.html.

73. Shichang is named for Qing dynasty hero and Beiyang navy general Deng Shichang (Cao Jin- ping, “Shichang,” p. 21). Deng died a hero’s death in the Sino-Japanese War’s Yellow Sea Battle after ramming an enemy ironclad when his ammunition had run out. Ammunition sup- plies were inadequate because of official corrup-

tion. Also

,

,

[Chen

Guofang, Li Zhaogui, and Chen Wanjun], “‘

,— ” [“Shichang,” We Warmly Welcome You: A Record of the Emergence of China’s First National Defense Mobilization Ship], [China Commando], no. 4 (1997), p. 26.

  • 74.

    Cao Jinping, “Visit and Operate National De- fense Mobilization Ship.”

  • 75.

    Unless otherwise specified, this quotation and other information in this paragraph derive from “Shichang (Multirole Aviation Ship),” GlobalSecurity.org, www.globalsecurity.org/ military/world/china/shichang.htm.

  • 76.

    Ibid. Addition of medical treatment and hospital ward modules allows Shichang to serve as a “true ‘at-sea mobile hospital,’” with dimensions simi- lar to a land-based equivalent. With its transport container, it can become a larger transport ship. Shichang boasts 108 rooms and compartments. Cao Jinping, “Visit and Operate National De- fense Mobilization Ship.”

77.

[Bian Ji], “

’”

[China’s Embryonic Aircraft Carrier:

“Shichang”],

[Ship Electronic

Engineering] 113, no. 5 (1999), p. 59.

78.

[Yin Ling],

[The

Outlook for Chinese Helicopter Carrier(s)], [Shipborne Weapons], no. 8 (2005),

  • p.

    43.

    • 79.

      Ibid., p. 45.

    • 80.

      Ibid., p. 49.

81. See “Amphibious Assault Ship (LHD) Pro- gramme,” Chinese Defence Today, www.sinodefence .com/navy/amphibious/lhd.asp.

82. See Ling Xiang, “ [Chapter 6: Raise Mighty Chinese Sea Mine Warfare Ships on the Sea], in [Modern Sea Mine Warships Spectacle],

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