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Glossary and abbreviations:

BaP Br-FR

benzo(a)pyrene, most toxic PAH brominated flame retardant

CBUF

Cefic

European Union CBUF – Combustion Behaviour of Upholstered Furniture project http://europa.eu.int/comm/research/success/en/ind/0317e.html European Chemical Industry Council www.cefic.org

Crib3, Crib4, etc

standardised fire test heat sources (varying intensities of small-large flames)

DTLR HB V0 EFRA Fire-LCA FR HC HCN HIPS

IVL LCA Melamine

Non-FR PAH PBDE P-FR Sb SP TBDD

TCDD

TCPP

VOC

according to BS 5852 Department for Transport, Local Governement and the Regions Horizontal burn class according to UL94 Vertical burn class according to UL94 the European Flame Retardants Association www.cefic-efra.com LCA model modified to include fires flame retardant hydrocarbons hydrogen cyanide High Impact Polystyrene, high performance plastic used for electrical apparatus casings Swedish Environmental Research Institute: http://www.ivl.se/en/ Life-Cycle Assessment Melamine: Nitrogen based flame retardant 2,4,6,-triamino-1,3,5,-triazine. CAS No.: 108-78-1 not flame retarded polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons poly brominated diphenyl ethers (one type of brominated flame retardant) phosphorus based flame retardant antimony Swedish National Testing and Research Institute: www.sp.se 2,3,7,8-tetrabromodibenzo-p-dioxin, in text refers to TBDD-equivalents unless otherwise stated 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, in text refers to TCDD-equivalents unless otherwise stated tris-(2-chloro-1-methylethyl)phosphate, CAS n° 13674-84-5, one type of phosphorus based flame retardant volatile organic compounds

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