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Glossary

Emulation

Simulation of the structure and function of a system, for example a bootable disc can "emulate" a floppy drive.

Encode

Encoding is the conversion of audio files that are located on an audio CD into an audio format that the computer can read (e.g. mp3).

Finalizing

Definitive conclusion of the process of writing to a disc. After this it is not possible to write to the disc anymore. However, a finalized rewritable disc can still be erased. A disc is automatically finalized if it is burned using the disc-at-once method.

Firmware

The firmware in burners functions as the operating system of the drive and contains instructions which determine how the drive reacts to commands from the PC. Generally the firmware in modern burners can be updated, improving the support for discs from other manufacturers for instance.

HD DVD

High Definition DVD. A possible successor to the DVD with greater storage capacity. The format is recognized by the DVD Forum. The HD DVD was developed in response to high- definition video requirements. Single-layer discs can store data volumes of up to 15 GB. In HD DVD burners a blue-violet laser is used, which can write the data "more tightly" on the disc. This makes it possible to store large quantities of data.

HFS CD

File system used by Apple© Macintosh systems. This format is only suitable for Macintosh discs.

Image file

An individual file on the hard drive that contains an image of a complete disc. An image can be used if problems occur during the burn process or if there is no burner connected to the PC.

Index position

You can set index positions within an audio track. You can "jump" to these using a suitable CD player. Currently, only very few CD players can handle index positions.

Table of contents (TOC) Indicates the content of each session. The table of contents is stored in the lead-in.

Jitter Correction

Many CD-ROM drives cannot read an individual sector on an audio CD, which means that small gaps may occur in the data stream. Audio correction synchronizes the data stream by overlapping the sectors and so gaps do not occur.

Cross fade with previous track

A crossfade is a merging between two audio tracks. The start of the new track begins softly, while the current track is still playing. The two tracks merge without a pause.

Nero Burning ROM

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