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Zimbabwe: Current Issues - page 19 / 19





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that none of the funds appropriated by the Act shall be obligated for Zimbabwe except through regular notification procedures. Report language in the Senate-reported version was also highly critical of Zimbabwe. This version requires that International Military Education and Training (IMET) funds for Zimbabwe be available only for “expanded” IMET, which promotes civilian control of the military and respect for human rights; parallels the House- passed version in Sec. 520; and requires in Sec. 557 that in international financial institutions, the United States vote against loans to the government of Zimbabwe except to meet basic human needs or promote democracy. The Secretary of State may waive this provision if he certifies that the rule of law, including respect for ownership and title to property, as well as freedom or speech and association, has been restored. H.R. 2506 was reported (H.Rept. 107-42) in the House on July 17, 2001. Passed the House (381-46), July 24, 2001; reported in the Senate (S.Rept. 107-58), September 4.

S. 494 (Frist) Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act of 2001. Provides for a review of debt reduction for Zimbabwe, U.S. support for assistance from international financial institutions, and the establishment of a U.S. finance center to facilitate development and commercial projects in Zimbabwe, if the President issues a certification. The certification is to specify that the rule of law has been restored in Zimbabwe; that a presidential election widely accepted as free and fair has been held – or that Zimbabwe has improved the pre- election environment consistent with international standards; that the Zimbabwe government has demonstrated a commitment to equitable, legal, and transparent land reform; that it is making a good faith effort to implement the Lusaka peace plan for the Democratic Republic of Congo; and that state security forces are serving the elected civilian government. In the absence of a certification, the United States is to oppose loans or debt forgiveness for Zimbabwe by international financial institutions, but this provision may be waived by the President in the national interest. Authorizes $20 million for the support of equitable, legal, and transparent mechanisms of land reform; authorizes $6 million for the support of democracy and governance programs; states the sense of Congress that the President should begin consultations with appropriate foreign countries on identifying individuals responsible for the breakdown of the rule of law in Zimbabwe, identifying their assets, and implementing travel and economic sanctions against those individuals and their associates and families. Introduced on March 8, 2001; reported by the Committee on Foreign Relations, without written report, on July 16. Passed the Senate, amended, August 1. Received in the House and referred to the Committees on Financial Services and International Relations, August 2.


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