Core topic 1: Project work
Timing and resources
Time: 3 weeks
Syllabus: pages 32–34 Section 9.1
Software/course specifications: pages 6–9
Texts: Heinemann IPT HSC—G. K. Powers (chapter 1)
Note: some of the outcomes specified will be carried out when students complete their personal/group projects.
H1.1Applies an understanding of the nature and function of information technologies to a specific practical situation
H1.2Explains and justifies the way in which information systems relate to information processes in a specific context
H2.1Analyses and describes a system in terms of the information processes involved
H2.2Develops solutions for an identified need which address all of the information processes
H3.1Evaluates the effect of information systems on the individual, society and the environment
H3.2Demonstrates ethical practice in the use of information systems, technologies and processes
H4.1Proposes ways in which information systems will meet emerging needs
H5.1Justifies the selection and use of appropriate resources and tools to effectively develop and manage projects
H5.2Assesses the ethical implications of selecting and using specific resources and tools
H6.1Analyses situations, identifies a need and develops solutions
H6.2Selects and applies a methodical approach to planning, designing or implementing a solution
H7.1Implements effective management techniques
H7.2Uses methods to thoroughly document the development of individual and/or group projects
Students learn to:
(a)Outline the stages of the traditional system development cycle.
(b)Describe a project plan.
(c)Draw a Gantt chart.
(d)Appreciate good communication skills—active listening, conflict resolution, negotiation skills, interview techniques, team building.
(e)Describe information system personnel—systems analyst, programmers, project leader.
2.Social and ethical design
(a)Explain the difference between machine-centred and human-centred systems.
(b)Identify issues related to the work environment—health and safety, nature of work.
(c) Identify issues related to systems and ethics—environment, equity.
3.Understanding the problem
(a)Understand a problem—clear problem statement.
(b)Describe a preliminary investigation—requirement report.
(c)Describe and create a prototype—advantages and disadvantages.
(a)Make decisions from the data gathered in the preliminary investigation.
(b)Describe and conduct a feasibility study of proposed solutions—economic, technical, schedule, organisational.
(c)Describe an analysis report—design specifications.
(d)Develop a project plan—subprojects, identify participants, information technology and data/information.
(a)Design a solution by transforming the specifications into information technology/information processes.
(b)Describe solutions developed using participant development—changes to the system development cycle, advantages and disadvantages.
(c)Interpret, construct and use the following design tools to better understand a system—context diagrams, data flow diagrams (DFD), decision trees, decision tables, data dictionaries, system flowcharts.
(a)Describe the implementation of a new information system—implementation plan.
(b)Describe personnel and methods of participant training—training specialists, technical support staff.
(c)Describe and compare different methods of conversion—direct, parallel, phrased, pilot.
(d)Explain the importance of testing the system—information technology and information processes.
7.Testing, evaluating and maintaining
(a)Describe testing and evaluating a solution.
(b)Describe the role of maintaining an information system.
(c)Understand the purpose of an operation manual.
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