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discharge of his duties. The Fire Prevention Division works constantly to obtain public cooperation by special emphasis upon particular occasions such as Clean-up Week in the spring and Fire Prevention Week in October.

Fire Prevention Week

Fire Prevention Week, always the week including October 9, is the high point of the fire prevention publicity campaign and has been observed in various manners during the past twenty years. This work has centered around the schools, with playlets, essays, lectures, movies, contests and instruction in fire prevention being used. Text books for instruction have been prepared by the Fire Prevention Bureau for both the grade and high schools. Pamphlets, with cuts illustrating forty-eight possible fire risks around the home, have been distributed among school children, with a printed form whereon the children can list hazards which they have eliminated from their homes after reading the leaflet.

Merit badges have been awarded to over 11,000 Boy Scouts for completing a special

instruction

course

in

fire

prevention.

The

junior

fire

marshal’s

badge

is

a

coveted

possession among the smaller children. These were awarded at their local fire station and answered ten test fire prevention

when the questions

children (70).

appeared

A high school fire prevention oratorical contest is another feature of the Fire Prevention

Week. This takes form in all first place winners.

a preliminary contest in each Cash awards are given in

school and a final contest among

each

contest.

These

contests,

originating in 1926, were continued until 1932. Chamber of Commerce cooperated with the Fire The winner in 1928, Ralph McCullough, Franklin

Last year (1937) the Portland Junior Prevention Division in reviving them. High School, was sent to Philadelphia

to

deliver

his

prize

winning

oration

at

the

convention

of

the

International

Association

of

Fire Chiefs. cities for the

Subsequently, the Fire details and plans of the

Prevention Division received requests from many contest. Fire prevention poster contests among the

school children are featured school, submit entries in at Association (68).

in the spring. Local winners contest sponsored nationally

in each division, grade and high by the National Fire Protection

The Fire Prevention Division employs many means for directing the attention of adults towards fire prevention week. During that week, and at any other time during the year, the division supplies speakers for luncheons or meetings to discuss fire prevention. The fire prevention parade, planned to be interesting and instructive is always a high spot of

the week. evolution of

The ancient fire equipment usually passes in the fire department from Roman times to modern

review. was the

At one time the theme. In addition

to newspaper articles, printed pamphlets, radio programs and concerts, many ingenious stunts, contests, and exhibitions which

Fire Department band will amuse and instruct

the public have been devised. Among them a O’Leary’s cow, was conducted in a roped-off contests among the firemen, turn-out races

milking contest, further immortalizing Mrs. section on a principal street. Log chopping demonstrating how quickly a fireman can

scuttle out exhibition

of bed at the sound drills from tops of

of a fire alarm; water office buildings and

fights, hose cart races, life net drills, fire hazard demonstrations, all have

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