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been used. Fire prevention leaflets have been scattered among street crowds from the top of ladders on aerial trucks stationed at downtown corners. Alarms have been turned from boxes at different sections of the city. When the crowd gathered, as it always does when the fire department is out, a speaker who arrived with the truck addressed spectators on fire prevention. The fire stations hold open house during fire prevention week. The public is invited to visit the station, inspect the equipment, and become acquainted with fire department methods. Stores donate windows during the week for fire prevention displays. Preceding the fire prevention week stickers and enclosures are pasted on or included in all bills, letters, and packages sent out by the public utilities, water bureau and department stores. Loud speakers have been installed at strategic corners over the city to call the attention of passersby to fire prevention. The program is further advertised by a placard covered street car, carrying a loud speaker, which travels over the city reminding the public of fire prevention week. The danger of fire hazards and the efficiency of the fire department has been demonstrated by the burning of a house at Multnomah Stadium field. The use of modern fire fighting equipment and of salvage covers to protect furnishing from damage by water is displayed in this demonstration (70).

Fighting Fire on the Air

Daily radio broadcasts over station KXL, under the auspices of the Fire Prevention Division, were begun in 1930. These broadcasts included a resume of fires occurring during the previous twenty-four hour period, told how each fire could have been prevented, and gave seasonal warnings of fire dangers. A daily list of fires, giving names, location, causes and amount of damage, is included in the vital statistics column of the newspapers (70).

In the interest of fire prevention all tank trucks carrying gasoline, oil, and carriers of explosives and inflammables must follow certain prescribed routes through the city. They are allowed to leave these lanes only for the purpose of making deliveries (70). A series of classes, under the auspices of the Portland Fire College, and supervised by Battalion Chief E. L. Boatright, each year acquaint night watchmen and building custodians with practices in fire safety. Buildings change character -- a warehouse may be remodeled as an apartment -- and conditions arising from the change create a new set of fire possibilities, over which the Fire Prevention Division must keep check in order to maintain ordinances covering such alterations. Seasons have their particular fire hazards.

During the existing in aisles and

Christmas rush reminders are sent to store managers over-crowded stores, with recommendations for the means of egress, and for the disposal of waste

of fire danger and panic maintenance of required




inspections are Christmas trees

made by the district inspectors. and thereby eliminating anther fire

With risk an

the old

thought of disposing of country custom, “Burning

of the Greens,” a public Portland Advertising Club

Christmas tree bonfire in cooperation with the

was sponsored and promoted by fire department in 1937 (68, 71).


A new Fire and Explosive Hazard Ordinance has been prepared by the Fire Prevention Division. Mimeographed copies are now (June 1938) in the hands of a citizen committee for criticism and recommendations before being presented to the city council for passage.


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