Table of Contents
List of Abbreviations, Acronyms & Terms Executive Summary Introduction Summary of Existing Commercial Processes Technologies Not Included in Report Discussion for Each Process
iii v 1 6 14 15
Aquaconversion® Process by PDVSA
Catalytic Crude Upgrading (CCU) Process by UOP
CPJ Process by Wesco Energy Corp. EADIEMAC Process by Eadie Oil Inc.
FTCrude® Process by Expander Energy Inc.
HI-Q® Process by MEG Energy HTL® Process by Ivanhoe Energy Inc.
H-Oil® Process by Axens North America IYQ Process by ETX Systems Inc.
Partial Upgrading Processes
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
JetShear™ Process by Fractal Systems Inc.
PetroBeam Process by PetroBeam, Inc.
Petrosonic Heavy Oil Process by Petrosonic Energy Inc.
Sonocracking™ Process by SulphCo
TRU Process by Rival Technologies Inc.
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