Third Grade ◆ Lesson Three
1. Single-family house
9. Mobile home
2. Duplex house 3. Apartment 4. Farmhouse
6. Igloo 7. Teepee 8. Hut
10. Town House 11. EarthSheltered House
B. Ask students as a group to brainstorm a list of types of “homes.” Write the list on the chalkboard. The following list may supplement the students’ list. Show
pictures (included) of the houses to the class.
Using the drawings provided, have a classroom discussion about the differences between types of homes. How many families can live in each unit? How many “homes” can exist in each building type?
Discuss how houses differ due to climate, geography and location. Some homes in Arctic areas are made from ice (igloos). Some homes are lightweight and portable because their owners move around a lot (tents, teepees). Earth Sheltered Houses take advantage of the constant temperature of the earth. These types of homes are less expensive and use less energy to build. Large cities have tall apartment build- ings permitting many people to live near each other. Deserts or farm areas generally do not have tall buildings. Explain that large homes or castles are very expensive to build, use more energy to build, and generally have a lot of land around them, while smaller homes can be grouped together into neighborhoods. Smaller homes also cost less to build, take less energy to build and use less energy to operate.
Color is important when designing a house. Sometimes the color of a house match- es its environment because it is constructed of unpainted materials from the environment. Igloos and huts are some examples. Show students blue, green and purple paper and explain these are “cool” colors. Show them red, yellow and or- ange paper and explain these are “warm” colors. Dark colors soak up heat, making them good color choices for homes in cold climates. Light colors reflect heat and are good choices for warm climates. Ask the students to describe where color can be used on a house, and what colors often are used on the outside walls, shutters, decoration, trim, roof, etc.
Ask the students to choose a house type from the drawings provided. After the students have added color to their drawing with pencils or crayons, they will describe their finished house to the class.
Through class discussion, determine whether there is an understanding about why different types of homes occur in different locales.
Evaluate how each student describes the color added to his or her drawing and if the color choices are logical.