recreation and tourism
Edgeworth David: Tannatt William Edgeworth David graduated from Oxford University in 1881 with a Bachelor of Arts. His interest in geology were influenced by the lectures given by Joseph Prestwich, and also the lectures provided by J.W. Judd at the Royal College of Science in London. In 1882 he was appointed Assistant Geological Surveyor in the New South Wales Geological Survey. From May 1891 until 1924, David was Professor of Geology at the University of Sydney, although he spent some periods of time working away from the university during that time. After 1924, he continued to work at the University until his death. In 1897, he directed drilling at Funafuti Atoll to try and verify Darwin’s theory of the formation of coral atolls. In December 1907 David, with his former students Douglas Mawson and Leo Cotton joined Ernest Shackleton’s Antarctic expedition. David led a party, including Mawson, on the first successful attempt to climb the active volcano, Mt. Erebus. David, Mawson and Forbes McKay then made a four month journey to reach the South Magnetic Pole. David went to the West Front during World War I with the Australian Mining Corps in 1916 to provide geological advice. On returning to Australia he attempted to write a book on the geology of the Commonwealth although this was never completed. However, his Geological Map of the Commonwealth was not published until 1932, accompanied by a written summary of the geology.
Geomorphology: Geomorphology, also described as physiography, is the study of the shape of the earth. It is about the relationships between geological structures and landscape features. This includes consideration of the processes which change landscape features such as erosion. Geomorphology includes rivers, coastlines, rock types, ice and weathering.
Recreation: Use of leisure time for personal satisfaction and enjoyment and for physical and mental health. Recreation might be undertaken individually or with others. It might be planned or spontaneous. It is passive or active, and does not necessarily require skills and training, and nor a designated physical area. It is not a resource but a complex activity composed of people (the recreationists), the environments and their actions. Recreation, for some people, exists in the mind and takes place in an environment. Outdoor recreation involves protecting, preserving, developing, using, and enjoying scenery, water, primitive or natural landscape, wildlife, natural phenomena, and archaeological and historical sites.
Strzelecki: Mt. Kosciuszko was named by explorer Count Paul Edmund de Strzelecki after a Polish democratic leader, Tadeusz Kosciuszko. It appears that the peak’s shape reminded Strzelecki of the tomb of Kosciuszko. Different sources provide different dates for this event with the vast majority quoting 1840 as the year in which Strzelecki named Mt Kosciuszko. The Collins publication, Milestones in Australian History: 1788 to the Present (compiled R. Brown, ed. R. Appleton, 1986, William Collins, Sydney), states that during January 1840, Strzelecki, James Macarthur and James Ridley explored country between Westernport and Gippsland and on 15 February, Strzelecki discovers, ascends and names Mt Koscius[z]ko. The Macquarie Encyclopedia of Australian Events: Events that Shaped the History of Australia (devised by B. Fletcher, editors B. Fraser and A. Atkinson 1997, rev. edition, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd, Sydney), states that in 1839, ‘Paul de Strzelecki, Polish- born explorer and scientist who later took up British citizenship and was knight- ed, alone ascended the highest peak in the Australian Alps during a geological survey and named it after ... Tadeusz Kosciuszko’ (p. 42).
A NATIONAL HERITAGE LISTED SITE www.environment.gov.au/heritage
EDUCATION RESOURCE RECREATION AND TOURISM 14/14