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Neugebauer, T.

General Systems Theory and Open systems

Open Systems

  • Open system is defined as a system in exchange of matter with its environment, presenting import and export, building up and breaking-down of its material components” (von Bertalanffy, p.141)

  • Ludwig von Bertalanffy -

    • formulated the organismic system theory

      • modelled the organism as an open system striving towards a steady state

      • two biological principles, namely, the maintenance of the organism in the non-equilibrium, and the hierarchic organization of a systemic structure Sabine Brauckmann. International Society for Systems Sciences. (1999) http://www.isss.org/lumLVB.htm

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