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Appendix One: Characteristics of Selected CDFs

Y-axis : Country and name of Fund X-axis : Descriptive Characteristics

method of creation

year fund created and/or launched

if applicable, name of legislation or directive creating fund

type of electoral parliamentary system (according to IDEA)

% or amount of annual budget

direct or indirect disbursement of

allocated to Fund funds to MPs

who controls administration of

the Fund?

types of funded projects permitted / prohibited

which entities are tasked with oversight?

Bhutan: Constituency Development Grant (CDG)

Executive order by the Finance Minister; confirmed at 35th session of Council of Ministers

created April 2009

n/a

n/a

Nu. 10 million per constituency for 5 yrs to be dispensed Nu. 2m each yr (US$43,000)

indirect: CDG dispenses money to constituency (Gewog) when project is approved by National Assembly

provincial gov't (Dzongkhag) requests funds released to individual constituency (Gewog) by Finance Ministry when National Assembly approves grant

permitted: infrastructure (roads), education prohibited: supplementing gov't activities/programs, resources for local gov't, contributions or donations

Ministry of Finance, National Assembly Budget Committee, provincial gov't, constituency gov't, Royal Audit Authority (audit Ministry of Finance)

5% annual budget

indirect: District Assemblies (constituency local governments) receive funds from Minitry of Local Government and Rural Development (MLGRD)

2 million rupees per MP/constituency per year

indirect: MPs recomment projects, which are approved and managed by the District Authority of MPLADS

originally 2.5% annual budget ($150m/constituency ) but only 0.5% ($40m/constituency) in 2008 and 2009

indirect: MPs submit proposals to CDF Unit, which approves and submits project to Finance Officer at OPM for dispensation

Jamaica: Constituency Development Fund (CDF)

established out of Office of the Prime Minister (OPM)

created 2007, began 2008

n/a

Plurality/Majority: First Past the Post

OPM; CDF Programme Management Unit; various Parliamentary committees

infrastructure, water Oversight treatment, electricity, Committee per

MPLADS housed within the Ministry of permitted: water

DACF Administrator tasked with monitoring and issuing reports to MLGRD

District Authority of MPLADS; implementing agencies

permitted:

CDF Unit; Cosntituency Project

region; OPM consulted on arising

issues

Ghana: District Assemblies Common Fund (DACF)

1994 MPLADS launched December Guidelines (amends. Plurality/Majority:

DACF Administrator, who is appointed by the President with prior approval from Parliament, and the Ministry of Finance

permitted: education and healthcare

Statistics and Programme Implementation; District Authority prioritizes, selects, and oversees

projects

treatment, healthcare, infrastructure, sanitation, emergency assistance

education, safety nets

social

Article 252 (2) of 1992 Constitution of Plurality/Majority:

India: Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS)

n/a

1993

established in 1992 constitution and institutionalized by the District Assemblies Common Fund (DACF) Act 1993

created 1992

Ghana and the DACF Act 1993

First Past the Post

First Past the Post

1997, 1999, 2002,

2005)

Kenya: Constituency

legislation passed in created 2003

Development Fund parliament

(amended 2007)

(CDF)

Y-axis: Country and name of

Fund

X-

axis : Descriptive

method of creation

year fund created and/or launched

Characteristics

CDF Act of 2003 (Amend. 2007)

if applicable, name of legislation or directive creating fund

Plurality/Majority: First Past the Post

type of electoral parliamentary system (according to IDEA)

2.5% of annual budget; 75% of annual allocation equally distributed per constituency, 25% dispensed on basis of poverty need and population size

indirect: CDF Board approves project selection; National Management Committee dispenses funds

% or amount of annual budget

direct or indirect disbursement of

allocated to Fund funds to MPs

permitted: healthcare,

CDF Board; Constituencies Fund Committee; National

education, security,

Management

electricity, sanitation, Committee; all

water treatment

stakeholders in

implementation

CDF Board

who controls administration of

the Fund?

types of funded projects permitted / prohibited

which entities are tasked with oversight?

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