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Papua New Guinea: Electoral Development Funds (a.k.a. Rural Development Program)

executive order

created 1970s and has undergone several iterations, recently amended in 1995 and 2007

n/a

Plurality/Majority: First Past the Post

Kina 500,000 per MP district; additional Kina 2 million for open and provincial electorates

direct : 50% of fund allocation is used at MPs discretion on any project; Joint Budget and Planning Committees of each electorate allocate other 50%

Solomon Islands: Rural Constituency Development Fund (RCDF)

n/a

created 1989

Constituency Development Plan created to guide RCDF 1998-2001 and was updated in 2002, 2005, 2006

Plurality/Majority: Alternative Vote

~US$140,000 per constituency (majority funded by Taiwan)

direct : MPs are allocated and have control over the use of RCDF disbursements

n/a

Plurality/Majority: First Past the Post

(CDF)

from 7th Parliament

The Office of Rural Development requires MPs or committees (depending on type of fund) to seek approval from Joint

permitted: infrastructure

Budget and Planning

(roads), healthcare, education, water

Committees or Joint treatment, rule of

Planning and Budget Priority Committees in projects accrodance with Public Finance (Management) Act

law

Development Fund Presidency and MPs fiscal year

Joint Budget and Planning Committees; Joint Planning and Budget Priority Committees; Ombudsman Commission

RCDF housed under Ministry of Rural Development in Office of Prime Minister but MPs have primary responsibility for fund administration

treatment, electricity, Development; MPs

sanitation, telecommunications

each MP is accountable to the Accounting Officer (Clerk of Parliament) in using CDF allocation

Uganda: Constitu

ency

established from talks btwn

created 2005-2006

permitted: infrastructure, healthcare, water

Ministry of Rural

direct : CDF disbursements 2.95 Billion Shillings allocated to MPs'

was initial total CDF portion of budget

bank accounts, who in turn identify projects funded by this allocation

MPs must devise 5- person committees (Chairperson, a Secretary, Treasurer, 2 accountants) to administer individual CDF allocations

permitted: infrastructure, water treatment, electricity, local economic enablement prohibited: infrastructure projects already under local or national gov't programs, religions/political activities

11

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