Network Studies to carry out such research.7 The field network approach relies on selected researchers in each target country who are expected to employ their deep knowledge of local conditions to collect data, and to answer a set of descriptive and analytic questions that are posed in a common survey instrument. These field researchers are expected to employ common concepts that the survey is designed to capture by identifying appropriate indicators and collecting data on them. 8
Fourth, the workshop’s participants identified a number of concrete tasks and events to generate relevant information on CDFs:
Completing the matrix (attached) of information on CDFs and adding to it additional governments with CDFs. It could ask several additional questions about how, in what sectors and with what effects funds are spent.
Gather additional baseline information: average size of CDF projects or earmarks; case studies on projects from formulation to implementation; identification of criteria for project selection; effectiveness of local level implementation; and mechanisms of reporting and oversight.
3) Conduct a workshop in Albany, New York on “Comparative Approaches to Earmarking in the US” in May 2010.
Commission of a few country case studies on CDFs by SUNY/CIDs existing network of scholars in Africa or Asia.
Develop a more complete understanding of comparative parliamentary knowledge and practice on CDFs via an MP study group in collaboration with the Commonwealth Parliamentary Organization (most likely in July 2010).
Hold a possible workshop on CDFs at the CPA Annual Meeting in Nairobi in September, 2010.
Issue a call for papers in October, 2010 for presentation in a fall 2011 International Conference on CDFs.
7 Irene Lurie, “Field Network Studies,” Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy, State University of New York at Albany, February 2000; Richard Nathan, “The Methodology for Field Network Evaluation Studies,” pp. 73-99 in Walter Williams, ed., Studying Implementation (Chatham, NJ: Chatham House, 1982); and Richard P. Nathan, Social Science in Government, the Role of Policy Researchers (Albany: Rockefeller Institute Press, 2000).
8 SUNY CID will use these data to assess comparative legislative performance through an evaluation of the comparative utility of indicators that are favored by the different field researchers. At the upcoming workshops, study groups and conference, SUNY/CID will be in the position to address the effectiveness of CDFs as well as central questions of what makes such decentralized development effective.