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The following table sums up the description of the stylistic strata of English vocabulary.

Stylistically-neutral words

Stylistically-marked words

Informal

Formal

Basic vocabulary

I. Colloquial words

I. Learned words

A. literary,

A. literary,

B. familiar,

B. words of scientific prose,

C. low.

C. officialese,

II. Slang words.

D. modes of poetic diction.

III. Dialect words.

II. Archaic and obsolete words.

III. Professional

terminology.

Exercises

I. Consider your answers to the following.

1.

Where are formal words used?

2.

Are learned words used only in books? Which type of learned words, do you think, is especially suitable for verbal communication? Which is least suitable and even undesirable?

3.

What are the principal characteristics of archaic words?

4.

What are the controversial problems connected with professional terminology?

5.

Do you think that students of English should learn terms? If so, for which branch or branches of knowledge?

6.

What is understood by the basic vocabulary?

7.

Which classes of stylistically marked words, in your opinion, should be included in the students' functional and

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