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From the etymological point of view affixes are classified into the same two large groups as words: native and borrowed.

Some Native Suffixes1

-er

worker, miner, teacher, painter, etc.

-ness

coldness, loneliness, loveliness, etc.

-ing

feeling, meaning, singing, reading, etc.

-dom

freedom, wisdom, kingdom, etc.

-hood

childhood, manhood, motherhood, etc.

-ship

friendship, companionship, master-ship, etc.

-th

length, breadth, health, truth, etc.

-ful

careful, joyful, wonderful, sinful, skilful, etc.

-less

careless, sleepless, cloudless, sense-less, etc.

-y

cozy, tidy, merry, snowy, showy, etc.

-ish

English, Spanish, reddish, childish, etc.

-ly

lonely, lovely, ugly, likely, lordly, etc.

-en

wooden, woollen, silken, golden, etc.

-some

handsome, quarrelsome, tiresome, etc.

Verb-forming

-en

widen, redden, darken, sadden, etc.

Adverb-forming

-ly

warmly, hardly, simply, carefully, coldly, etc.

1 The table gives examples of especially frequent native affixes.

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