X hits on this document





21 / 22

Shpuza; Urban Shapes and Urban Grids: A Comparative Study of Adriatic and Ionian Coastal Cities

The effect of shape on urban grids varies according to three types: In unbiased-sparse cities the asymmetry of shape compactness strongly coincides with the symmetry of the distribution of integration; Biased urban grids, termed boulevard grids, are organized according to orthogonal grid where a few lines extend to connect most other lines and where more convex and less fragmented shapes coincide with more integrated cities; Unbiased-dense grids are realized by patching different grids without favoring specific directions. In this type more compact urban shape lead to more integrated urban grids.

The findings presented here suggest foundations for formulating a theory of the interaction between urban shapes and urban grids and proposes a methodological model for bridging the two sides. The issues addressed in this paper can potentially benefit studies in urban morphology and the urban design and planning considering the continuous process of urban growth.

Acknowledgement; I would like to thank my brother Fisnik Shpuza for his help with the computer programming of the current version of Qelizë application.


Batty, M., 2001, “Exploring Isovist Fields: Space and Shape in Architectural and Urban Morphology”, Environment and Planning (B): Planning and Design, vol. 28, pp. 123-150.

Bunge, W., 1966, Theoretical Geography, C. W. K. Gleerup, Lund. C o n r o y D a l t o n , R . , D a l t o n , N . , 2 0 0 1 , O m n i V i s t a : A n A p p l i c a t i o n f o r I s o v i s t F i e l d a n d P a t h A n a l y s i s , P r o c e e d i n g s , 3 r d Symposium, Atlanta, pp. 25.1-25.10. International Space Syntax

Doxiadis, C., 1968, “An Introduction to the Science of Human Settlements”, Ekistics, Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 527.

Hillier, B., 1989, “The Architecture of the Urban Object”, Ekistics, vol. 56, no. 334-335, pp. 5-21.

Hillier, B., 1996, Space is the Machine, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Hillier, B., 1999, “The Hidden Geometry of Deformed Grids: Or, Why Space Syntax Works, When It Looks as Though It Shouldn't”, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 169-191.

Hillier, B., Penn, A., Hanson, J., Grajewski, T., Xu, J., 1993, “Natural Movement: Or, Configuration and Attraction in Urban Pedestrian Movement”, Environment and Planning (B): Planning and Design, vol. 20, pp. 29-66.

Luu-Mau, T., 1962, “Distributions Théoriques des Distances Entre Deux Points Répartis Uniformément sur Une Surface”, J. Sutter (Ed.), Human Displacements. Measurements Methodological Aspects, pp. 173-184.

Maceachren, A., 1985, “Compactness of Geographic Shape: Comparison and Evaluation of Measures”, Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography,

vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 53-67. Peponis, J., Wineman, J., Bafna, S., Rashid, M., Kim, S.H

., 1998, “On the

Generation of Linear Representations of Spatial Configuration, Environment and Planning (B): Planning and Design, vol. 25, pp. 559-576.

S h p u z a , E . , 2 0 0 1 , F l o o r p l a t e S h a p e s a s G e n e r a t o r s o f C i r c u l a t i o n , P r o c e e d i n g s , 3 r d 29.15. International Space Syntax Symposium, Atlanta, pp. 29.1-

Shpuza, E., 2006, “Floorplate Shapes and Office Layouts: A Model of the Effect of Floorplate Shape on Circulation Integration, PhD Thesis, College of









Proceedings, 6th International Space Syntax Symposium, stanbul, 2007


Document info
Document views70
Page views70
Page last viewedMon Jan 16 18:13:58 UTC 2017