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Simplified SAA Citation and Bibliography style guide - page 1 / 3





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Simplified SAA Citation and Bibliography style guide

This is a simplified explanation of the citation and bibliographic format used in the premier American journal of archaeology, American Antiquity, published by the Society for American Archaeology. Formats similar to this one are used in many anthropological and archaeological publications. The full details of this format, with examples, are given in

http://www.saa.org/Portals/0/SAA/Publications/new style guide.pdf You can click to the full style guide from the “SAA Style Guide” link on the class web page.

The condensed guide below should cover what you need to know for most papers, including instructions on how to cite materials from this class.

Citations in the text

All direct quotations must be enclosed in quotation marks and have the bibliographic source indicated. Everything inside the quotation marks must be exactly what the author wrote. You may edit parts out, indicating where something is missing with ellipses enclosed in brackets. For example:

“Males […] seem to have a minor role in the beliefs of the time” (Fairservis 1975:155).

Even when you use your own words to explain the information (as you should most of the time), you must still give the source. All factual information that is not common knowledge and has not been discovered by you personally, whether quoted or rephrased, must have the bibliographic source indicated. Common knowledge does not include most of the archaeological data and theories in this course, nor does it include much of what you find in reference books. Material from class materials like the posted notes, slides, and readings by me must be cited correctly, too.

To identify a source, include the last name of the author, year of publication, and page number directly in your text between parentheses, as in (Emery 1991:42). If the source is an extract such as many of our online readings, the page number should be that of the original publication as shown on the pages themselves, not the page count within the pdf file. If a book has been republished, the year is the latest one listed in the source. Multiple pages are shown as (Hyslop 1984:116-137). Sources with two authors are shown as (Johnson and Earle 1987:10). Sources with three or more authors are shown with just the first author named, as in (Sanders et al. 1979:121). Citations in the text normally belong at the end of the sentence, phrase, or idea that came from that source. For example:

Enormous quantities of crude beveled-rim bowl fragments were found at Uruk sites (Wenke 1990:338). These bowls, though “surely one of the ugliest ceramic types ever made” (Wenke 1990:338), appear to be the first mass-produced, standardized, disposable containers ever made (Adams 1960:9).

If the information in several sentences comes from a single source, include the reference only once, at the end of the information. For example:

The Mature Indus civilization extended over almost 500,000 square miles. Harappa and Mohenjo-daro are the two largest well-known sites, possibly political capitals, while a number of similar but smaller sites seem to be subsidiary centers. Several of the major sites share a similar city plan (Allchin and Allchin 1982:167-171).

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