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back, the Bengali Christian didn’t.  ……….. the sepoys concentrated on the Christian community .   No wonder that the Bengalis in turn were ranged solidly against us (mutineers)  and were praying for our downfall.  “Wait till the British column comes!” they would darkly threaten.

No one could have saved the Christians (of Cawnpore) from mob fury and we made no attempt to do so.   About three hundred of them who had taken shelter in what was known as mission compound were dragged from their houses and slaughtered.   Near Generalganj some Christian families had barricaded themselves in a large house.    The house was set on fire and all of them burnt alive.   The drummers and musicians of various regimental bands who were also Christians had congregated in the church.   When a mob of sepoys surrounded  them, they announced that they had decided to renounce their religion.   Within the hour they were made Muslims.

Bangalore;    9 April 2005                                     quoted from Manohar Malgonkar’s  “The Devil’s Wind”

88)   Corruption  in  Public  Life  in India

Most of our people do not feel the shame of bribery and graft or have a pricking conscience about them.   Corruption has always been a part of Indian life and we are quite resigned to it.   We may hate corruption and may even talk against it but we do not show a burning fury to fight it.   

Corruption has been and still is a part of political, commercial and governmental dealings in our society from ancient times.   Some corruption arises from the pressures of simple group loyalty.   Nepotism is never considered a crime.   It is considered as an obligation.   Family and caste come first and there is endless lobbying and string pulling to get ones relatives into jobs, colleges and positions.   Today corruption is present everywhere, an inseparable part of Indian political and administrative life.   

Trever Fichlock analyses in his book “India File”  why we have degenerated so much within one generation since we gained our independence  and diagnoses the causes as follows:-

1)   The conversion of a static society into a comparatively dynamic society.   The change has upset old  values  (rapid industrialisation, unplanned urbanization,  speedy shift to consumerism,  democratisation of all institutions etc -C.D.N. )

2)    Our exposure to new wealth without new values  (land grabbing, greed, election malpractices, money and muscle power, indifference to civic rights of others, tendency of making money at any cost, polluting of the environment and others- C.D.N. )  

3)    The political system we have adopted which cannot exist without large expenditure.   (caste based politics, purchasing of votes,  private armies, huge rallys and so on C.D.N. )

4)     Illegal cost of private armies employed by many candidates to terrorise opponents and capture voting booths   

5)    Only a small minority of politicians are interested in polity or law making  (more interested in getting back the money spent on elections, a hundred fold through bribes and other illegal means - C.D.N.)

6)    New entrants are mostly interested  in the pursuit of power and pelf ------- in one state no less than 30% of the legislators are involved in criminal cases.  (the society as a whole lacks moral conscience and has no will to enforce transparency and truthfulness in politics - C.D.N.  )

7)     Efforts of high caste masters to keep the lower caste helots beneath the hatches and suppress their demand for their rights  

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