Buyers’ Preferences and Regulations
Ghanaian importers prefer consumer-ready products with the following characteristics:
Relatively small-sized products prepared and packaged for one-time use. Bulk, intermediate products and ingredients that can easily be re-packaged in Ghana without large additional production costs. Perishable food products processed and packaged for long shelf-life, and not requiring much refrigeration (such as milk powder, instant beverage drinks, etc). Mixed containers of high-value products and brands. Food products packaged with long ‘Best Before’ dates
Product Registration and Regulations:
All processed food products must be registered with the Food and Drugs Board (FDB), Ghana, prior to being exported to Ghana. The importer typically pays for the cost of the product registration unless the exporter agrees to paying this cost. U.S. exporters are advised to contact the FAS/Accra office in Ghana when importers make such requests from them. The FDB is the GOG regulatory body for food product manufacturing, importation, advertisement and distribution in Ghana.
Import Duties and Collections
The Ghana Customs Excise and Preventive Service (CEPS) is the GOG institution responsible for the collection of import duty. In 2001 the Ghana TradeNet was established to provide a fully integrated customs management software connected over a network to various operators who interact with Customs in the processing of import and export transactions to and from Ghana. Some of these operators include the banks, shipping companies, certification and licensing agencies as well as users of trade information. The Ghana TradeNet is made up of two main components: The Ghana Customs Management System (GCMS), which provides the CEPS with a fully integrated computerized system for the processing and management of Customs Declarations and related activities. This system is designed to work in an Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) environment, where Manifests and Single Administrative Documents (SAD) are electronically received and automatically processed. In 2003 Ghana moved away from the use of ASYCUDA in processing Customs Declarations. Instead Ghana adopted and modified a Direct Trader Input system (DTI) that provides for online submission of custom documents and duty payments.
Ghana Community Network (GCNet) is a platform enabling GCMS to share data and other relevant information with all the parties involved in the processing of trade documents and customs clearances. The GCNet operates a seamless