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The Minnesota Flower Growers Bulletin

January, 1991

Volume 40, Number 1

Caladium Production

by Michael Evans, John Erwin, and Royal Heins

% . - . - & . u v

Scientific Name: Caladium bicolor (G. x hortulanum), Qladium gicturatum

Season of Production and

Familv: Araceae

Markets: The caladium is sensitive to chilling which limits its use in the northern

Oriain and Sites of Production:

The caladium is native to River District of Brazil. world tuber supply is central Florida.

Peru and the Amazon The majority of the produced in south

landscape. Caladium either a pot crop for planted out of doors as

tubers are forced as the spring market or a specimen plant in the

garden.

caladiums

In some

may

be

cases, mass plantings of seen in more extensively

landscaped settings.

An at 0 mv : The underground storage

structure

of the

tuber. A

tuber

caladium is classified as a is a modified stem structure

which store

develops below ground reserve carbohydrates.

which is used to The Irish potato

buds (eyes)

on the tuber.

has nearly

heart-shaped

is a tuber.

Shoots develop from vegetative

Caladium bicolor leaves while G

gicturatum

has

lancelate

leaves.

Leaf

colors

Selected Species CUltiVarS: Caladium gictur-

and has

lancelate leaves, is shorter and tolerates full sun better than 5;. bicolor. C a l a d i u m

g i c t u r a t u rn

cultivars

are

usually

recommended for use in Colors on all cultivars tend

hanging baskets. to be darker when

plants are full sun.

grown

in the

shade

compared to

in

include green, white, red, and pink. leaf coloration patterns exist among caladiurn cuItivars.

Various different

1

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