Review of All U.N. Program Mandates and/or Missions — The Administration has pushed hard for a full mandate review, stressing that the United Nations has over 9,000 mandates and/or programs, some of which may be duplicative or obsolete. It maintains that cost savings resulting from identifying and eliminating these programs can be transferred to fund other reforms.60
Fiscal Discipline — The Administration believes that the United Nations should implement reforms within existing U.N. budget resources, and encourages reallocating funds from programs identified as lower priority to those identified as higher priority.61
The Administration also generallysupports some management reform initiatives that were recently approved by the General Assembly and Secretariat, including the establishment of the U.N. Ethics Office, increase in internal oversight funding; improved whistle-blower protections, and stricter U.N. staff financial disclosure requirements.62 Most recently, the U.S. Mission to the United Nations established a “Whistleblower Hotline” for U.N. staff who wish to report “cases of corruption, malfeasance, waste, harassment, and/or retaliation” within the U.N. system.63
U.N. Transparency and Accountability Initiative. In 2007, the U.S. Mission to the United Nations established the U.N. Transparency and Accountability Initiative (UNTAI), which tracks the adoption of management reforms by U.N. funds and programs. According to the Administration:
The initial U.N. management reforms authorized by world leaders at the September 2005 World Summit have begun to take shape through the introduction of a number of initiatives relating to increased transparency and accountability in the U.N. Secretariat affairs. Unfortunately, U.N. funds and programs have lagged far behind in the adoption of any such reform measures.64
To address these issues, the U.S. Mission sent letters to several U.N. funds and programs requesting information on efforts to implement various management reforms. Specifically, the United States requested information on eight key areas that
60 “Statement by Ambassador Mark D. Wallace, U.S. Representative for U.N. Management and Reform, on ‘Investing in the U.N.: For a Stronger Organization Worldwide,’” U.S. Mission to the United Nations press release, July 7, 2006.
61 Testimony by then-U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations John Bolton before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, May 25, 2006.
63 The U.S. Mission assures confidentiality for whistleblowers who use the hotline. More information is available at [http://www.usunnewyork.usmission.gov/Issues/reform_ whisleblow.html].
64 As evidence of this, the Administration cites abuses by the government of North Korea involving U.N. Development Program (UNDP) humanitarian and development activities. See “United Nations Transparency & Accountability Initiative,” U.S. Mission to the United Nations, available at [http://www.usunnewyork.usmission.gov/Issues/reform_untai.html].