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United Nations Reform: U.S. Policy and - page 24 / 38





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the Security Council, General Assembly and ECOSOC,87 and it also attaches particular importance to the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals.88

The Group of 77 and China (G-77). The G-77 is a loosely affiliated group of 132 U.N. member states representing the interests of developing countries.89 It has played a significant role in recent reform debates due in part to its large membership, which can be a significant voting bloc in the General Assembly. The G-77 generallysupports U.N. reform and has long viewed development as a key U.N. reform issue, emphasizing that it should be given the “utmost priority by the United Nations.”90 The G-77 views reform as a process to examine how the mandates of the United Nations can work through “well-coordinated synergies to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.” It believes that U.N. reform should not alter the “intergovernmental nature of our [the United Nations] decision-making, oversight, and monitoring process.” Additionally, the G-77 does not view reform as a mechanism to “reduce budget levels ... to fund more activities from within the existing pool of resources, nor to redefine the roles and responsibilities assigned to the various organs.” 91

The G-77 supported some management reforms adopted by the U.N. General Assembly, including the establishment of an ethics office and whistle-blower protection policy. It has, however, actively opposed other initiatives proposed by the Secretary-General, particularly those proposals that it feels mayweaken the authority of the General Assembly in the areas of management, budget, and oversight.92 The G-77 also maintains that the positions of all member countries should be taken into consideration during the reform process. The G-77 has also expressed concern that reform initiatives proposed by the Secretary-General may be influenced by the larger U.N. financial contributors, such as the United States, Japan, and some members of the European Union.93

87 An October 25, 2005 EU paper on ECOSOC reform is available at [http://www.europa- eu-un.org/articles/en/article_5350_en.htm].

88 “EU Priorities for the 61st U.N. General Assembly,” July 18, 2006, available at [http://www.europa-eu-un.org/articles/en/article_6242_en.htm].

89 The G-77 was established in 1964 and represents approximately 69% of U.N. member states. For more information and records of G-77 statements made at the United Nations, see [http://www.g77.org/index.html].

90 U.N. document, A/60/879, Statement Adopted by the Special Ministerial Meeting of the Group of 77 and China, Putrajaya (Malaysia), June 7, 2006.


U.N. document, A/60/907, June 27, 2006.

92 For example, the G-77 opposed proposals by Secretary-General Annan that gave the Secretariat more power to move, hire, and fire U.N. Secretariat staff, as well as to modify and consolidate the budgeting process.

93 “Statement on Behalf of the Group of 77 and China on Secretariat and Management Reform: Report of the Secretary-General entitled ‘Investing in the United Nations’” New York, April 3, 2006, available at [http://www.g77.org/Speeches/040306.htm]. See also, Meena Raman,” G-77 Ministers Voice Concerns on U.N. Reform,” South-North Development Monitor, May 30, 2006.

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