into all new mandates. The Task Force supported incorporating results-based budgeting into the U.N. system, and a one-time buyout for all unwanted or unneeded staff. It recommended the creation of a new U.N. Human Rights Council to replace the discredited Commission on Human Rights, but was unable to come to consensus on Security Council reform. 104
In Larger Freedom: Towards Development, Security, and Human Rights for All. On March 21, 2005, Secretary-General Annan released his report, In Larger Freedom, in response to the findings of the High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change.105 The report was presented to member states as a starting point for discussion at the 2005 U.N. World Summit, and included the following management reform recommendations:
the review of all U.N. mandates over five years old;
a one-time staff-buyout to ensure U.N. Secretariat staff meets current needs;
the establishment of a cabinet-style decision-making body in the Secretariat to improve management and policy activities;
the review of all budget and human resource operations; and
a comprehensive review of Office of Internal Oversight Services to examine ways to enhance its authority and effectiveness.
In addition, Secretary-General Annan proposed a broad range of institutional and programmatic reforms, including modifying the composition of the U.N. Security Council so that it more adequately reflects current political realities, and replacing the Commission on Human Rights with a new Human Rights Council. Annan also recommended streamlining the General Assembly agenda and committee structure so that the Assembly can increase the speed of its decision-making and react more swiftly and efficiently to events as they occur. 106
104 The Task Force stated that any Security Council reform should “enhance the effectiveness of the Security Council and not in any way detract from the Council’s efficiency and ability to act in accordance with the U.N. Charter.” (See page 7 of the Task Force’s report, American Interests and U.N. Reform.)
105 See “Reform Efforts (1997-2005)” section of this report for more information on the High-Level Panel.
106 Annan also supported reforming the U.N. Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) so that it may better coordinate with economic and social agencies and departments within the U.N. system. More information on ECOSOC reform is available at [http://www.centerforunreform.org/node/186] and [http://www.globalpolicy.org/socecon/un/ reform/articlesindex.htm].