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staff.15 On July 7, 2006, the U.N. General Assembly reached consensus on a series of additional management reforms,16 including

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establishment of the post of Chief Information Technology Officer to assist in the replacement of an outdated U.N. information system;

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authorization of approximately $700,000 for the Secretary-General to strengthen the U.N. procurement system;

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full operation of a U.N. Ethics Office, with a need for strengthening internal oversight and accountability;

17

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“experimental” authorization of up to $20 million in discretionary spending for the Secretary-General to meet the needs of the organization;18 and

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adoption of International Public Sector Accounting Standards.19

System-wide Coherence. The 2005 World Summit Outcome Document also called on the Secretary-General to improve system-wide coherence and coordination by “strengthening linkages between the normative work of the United

15 The improved financial disclosure requirements were expanded to include senior managers, procurement officers, and individuals who invest in U.N. assets. The new requirements lowered the threshold for accepting gifts and provided mechanisms for improving the monitoring of disclosure forms. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon agreed to submit a disclosure form and release it to the public. Former Secretary-General Annan submitted the form but did not make it publicly available. The newly-implemented U.N. whistle-blower protection policy was labeled the “gold standard” for other international

organizations. highlights.shtml].

More

information

is

available

at

[http://www.un.org/reform/

16 These reforms were proposed in Secretary-General Annan’s March 2006 report, Investing in the United Nations: For a Stronger Organization Worldwide, available at [http://www.un.org/reform/].

17 The U.N. Ethics Office was established on January 1, 2006. Initially, some U.N. member states expressed concern that the office was insufficiently staffed. In May 2007, however, Robert F. Benson of Canada was appointed director of the office, and additional staff were hired. The office has provided increased ethics training for U.N. staff, including workshops and materials for distribution, such as a May 2007 publication entitled, Working Together: Putting Ethics to Work, available at [http://www.unescap.org/asd/HRMS/odlu/files/ethics. pdf].

18 The resolution includes nine criteria for how the money may be spent by the Secretary- General, including a stipulation that if over $6 million is spent per biennium, the Secretary- General must receive prior approval from the U.N. Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions (ACABQ).

19 U.N. press release, GA/10481, General Assembly Approves Reform Measures to Strengthen United Nations, July 7, 2006.

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