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United Nations Reform: U.S. Policy and - page 9 / 38





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Nations system and its operational activities.”20 Accordingly, in February 2006, the Secretary-General announced the creation of a High-Level Panel to examine how the U.N. system can work more effectively, especially in the areas of development, humanitarian assistance, and the environment.21 The Panel’s final report emphasized the overall value and progress of the United Nations, but also noted that without substantial reforms the United Nations will be “unable to deliver on its promises and maintain its legitimate position at the heart of the multilateral system.” 22

The Panel recommended the concept of “One U.N.,” to promote greater coherence and consolidation of U.N. departments and agencies at the country, regional, and headquarters level, and also recommended an overhaul of U.N. business practices to bring greater focus on achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).23 On December 8, 2006, the United Nations announced that it would test a One U.N. pilot program in Vietnam with an aim of ensuring “faster and more effective development.”24 Secretary-General Ban supports the findings of the Panel, emphasizing his “intention to keep implementing those proposals that build on existing inter-governmental processes and reform initiatives.” 25

Overhaul of Internal Justice System. On April 4, 2007, the General Assembly adopted a framework resolution to create a new system of internal justice administration.26 The system, which should be functional by January 2009, will be part of the Secretariat and coordinated through a new Office of the Administration of Justice that will operate in two tiers — the U.N. Dispute Tribunal and the U.N.


U.N. document, A/RES/60/1, 2005 World Summit Outcome, September 16, 2005, p. 36.

21 The 15-member Panel released its report, Delivering as One, on November 9, 2006. The Panel met over a six month period and engaged in a thorough examination of the strengths and weaknesses of the U.N. system. For a list of Panel members, their affiliations, and a copy of the Panel’s final report and recommendations, see [http://www.un.org/events/ panel/].

22 U.N. document, A/61/583, Delivering as One, Report of the Secretary-General’s High- Level Panel, November 9, 2006.

23 Examples of MDGs include cutting the number of people living on less than a dollar a day by half; ensuring that all children receive primary schooling; reduce the number of people who do not have access to safe drinking water by half; and reverse the spread of diseases such as malaria and HIV, among other things. More information on MDGs is available at [http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/].

24 The United Nations currently has 11 agencies in ten separate buildings in Hanoi. The One U.N. Initiative would consolidate these agencies into one building to avoid duplication and harmonize management practices. The United Nations recently announced the establishment of One U.N. initiatives in seven additional countries: Albania, Cape Verde, Mozambique,

Pakistan, Rwanda, Tanzania, [http://www.undg.org/?P=7].







25 U.N. press release, “Secretary-General Gives Priority to Streamlining U.N. with Greater Cohesion,” March 29, 2007.


U.N. document, A/RES/61/261, April 4, 2007.

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