Asthma Health Outcomes Project
Overviews of Surveyed Asthma ProgramsSeptember 2005
International Programs: Belgium
UZ Leuven Asthma Programme
University Hospital Gasthuisberg
3000 Leuven Belgium
The UZ Leuven Asthma Programme was evaluated in a study, "Evaluation of an Individualised asthma programme directed at behavioural change". In 2001 the program was implemented in Leuven, Belgium and targeted adults with asthma 18-65 years who complained of symptoms and impairment despite adequate medical therapy.
The program consisted of six one-on-one sessions conducted by a psychologist at the hospital. At the onset the patient received a workbook containing asthma information, exercises and homework assignments. Psycho education, behavioral and cognitive techniques were introduced during these sessions. The sessions were individually tailored for health and educational needs.
In the study, compared with controls the program group reported less symptoms, better quality of life, decreased negative affectivity, and increased adherence. All three cognitive variables (knowledge, attitude toward asthma, self-efficacy) and day and night peak flow ratings improved in the program group.
The authors concluded that participation in an individualized program resulted in improvement of asthma morbidity, and asthma-related behavior and cognitions.
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