Asthma Health Outcomes Project
Overviews of Surveyed Asthma ProgramsSeptember 2005
International Programs: Northern Ireland
Community-based Pharmaceutical Care Program in Malta
The Queen's University of Belfast
Belfast Northern Ireland BT9 7BL
James C. McElnay, PhD
Researchers from the University of Malta and Queen's University of Belfast schools of pharmacy collaborated in 1993 to implement and assess a community-based pharmaceutical care program for patients with asthma aged 14 years and older.
The study was a prospective, randomized, controlled trial and took place in 22 community pharmacies (11 control, 11 intervention) in Malta.
A comprehensive asthma education and monitoring program was implemented. Intervention patients received verbal counseling, an educational video, an information leaflet, and subsequent monitoring with reinforcement; control patients received routine dispensing services.
Over 12 months, symptoms and inhaler technique significantly improved in the intervention group. There were also significantly fewer self-reported hospitalizations in intervention patients.
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