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Asthma Health Outcomes Project

Overviews of Surveyed Asthma ProgramsSeptember 2005

International Programs: Northern IrelandBack to Index

Community-based Pharmaceutical Care Program in Malta

The Queen's University of Belfast

Belfast Northern Ireland BT9 7BL

James C. McElnay, PhD

j.mcelnay@qub.ac.uk

Researchers from the University of Malta and Queen's University of Belfast schools of pharmacy collaborated in 1993 to implement and assess a community-based pharmaceutical care program for patients with asthma aged 14 years and older.

The study was a prospective, randomized, controlled trial and took place in 22 community pharmacies (11 control, 11 intervention) in Malta.

A comprehensive asthma education and monitoring program was implemented. Intervention patients received verbal counseling, an educational video, an information leaflet, and subsequent monitoring with reinforcement; control patients received routine dispensing services.

Over 12 months, symptoms and inhaler technique significantly improved in the intervention group. There were also significantly fewer self-reported hospitalizations in intervention patients.

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