Asthma Health Outcomes Project
Overviews of Surveyed Asthma ProgramsSeptember 2005
International Programs: Venezuela
Effects of a Self-Management Educational Program for the Control of Childhood Asthma
Universidad Simon Bolivar
Maria Gabriela Perez
Universidad Simon Bolivar in Caracas, Venezuela conducted an asthma study entitled, "Effects of a Self-Management Educational Program for the Control of Childhood Asthma." The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of a self-management educational program on 29 children between 6 and 14 years old and their parents implemented in an office setting in Venezuela.
Children were randomly assigned to experimental and control group. Children's asthma knowledge, self-management abilities, index morbidity, parents' asthma knowledge and management abilities were measured. The program consisted of six sessions of asthma education and cognitive-behavioral strategies for the children. The parents received two lectures and an informative brochure.
T-test results indicate that the experimental group experienced statistical significant effects on children's asthma knowledge and practice of self-management abilities and in parents' knowledge compared to the control group. The educational self-management program had a significant impact on the Morbidity Index of the study group at post-test. Younger children benefited more from the program compared to older ones. Children's age is highlighted as a critical variable in designing asthma educational programs.
Results suggest the effectiveness on these types of self-management programs independent of the cultural context.
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