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Asthma Health Outcomes Project

Overviews of Surveyed Asthma ProgramsSeptember 2005

Domestic Programs: Florida (cont'd) Back to Index

Promoting adherence: effects of theory-based asthma education

University of Florida College of Nursing

Gainesville, FL

Susan D. Schaffer, PhD

(352) 273-6419         

sdschaf@nursing.ufl.edu

This study, conducted by the University of Florida College of Nursing in Gainesville, FL, compared the effects of a theoretically focused audiotape and a standard educational booklet on asthma preventive medication adherence and other asthma outcomes.

Forty-six adult asthmatics were randomly assigned to receive either a 30 minute audiotape (Bob's Lung Story, Lelko, 1999, contains a character story and songs, incorporating components of Protection Motivation Theory to address asthma self-management), a standard asthma management booklet (by NIH), both, or no educational materials. Participants reviewed the materials in the research office, then took a knowledge post-test. No further education occurred.

Outcomes were assessed at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months, and included medication adherence (both self-reported and pharmacy-verified), asthma knowledge, asthma control, and asthma quality of life. Evaluation results indicated that a minimal educational intervention can have a beneficial effect on asthma medication adherence that persists at least 6 months.

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